Lymphocytes of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)infected individuals undergo accelerated apoptosis in vitro, but the subsets of cells affected have not been clearly defined. This study examined the relationship between lymphocyte phenotype and apoptotic cell death in HIV-infected children by flow cytometry. Direct examination of the phenotype of apoptotic lymphocytes was accomplished using a combination of surface antigen labeling performed simultaneously with the Tdt mediated Utp nick end-labeling (TUNEL) assay. In comparison to live cells, apoptotic lymphocytes displayed an overrepresentation of CD45RO and HLA-DR expressing cells, while CD28 and CD95 expressing cells were underrepresented. Lymphocytes expressing CD4, CD8, and CD38 were equally represented in apoptotic and live populations. When percent lymphocyte apoptosis following culture was examined independently with lymphocyte subsets in fresh blood, apoptosis was negatively correlated with the percentage of CD4 cells, but not with specific CD4 T-cell subsets. Although not correlated with the percentage of total CD8 cells, apoptosis was positively correlated with specific CD8 T-cell subsets expressing CD45RO and CD95 and negatively correlated for CD8 T cells expressing CD45RA. These results provide direct evidence that a population of activated lymphocytes with the memory phenotype lacking the costimulatory molecule CD28 are especially prone to undergo apoptosis. The findings related to CD95 expression in fresh and apoptotic cells implicate Fas-dependent and Fas- independent pathways of apoptosis in HIV disease in children.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology