Immune-related and inflammatory conditions and risk of lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma or waldenström macroglobulinemia

Sigurdur Y. Kristinsson, Jill Koshiol, Magnus Björkholm, Lynn R. Goldin, Mary L. McMaster, Ingemar Turesson, Ola Landgren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Chronic immune stimulation appears to be associated with lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL)-Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM); however, available information is sparse. We conducted, to our knowledge, the most comprehensive study to date to evaluate associations between a personal or family history of many immune-related and/or inflammatory disorders and the subsequent risk of LPL-WM. Methods We used Swedish population-based registries to identify 2470 case patients with LPL-WM, 9698 matched control subjects, and almost 30 000 first-degree relatives of either case patients or control subjects. We evaluated a wide range of autoimmune, infectious, allergic, and inflammatory conditions. We calculated odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for each condition by use of logistic regression. Results An increased risk of LPL-WM was associated with a personal history of the following autoimmune diseases: systemic sclerosis (OR = 4.7, 95% CI = 1.4 to 15.3), Sjögren syndrome (OR = 12.1, 95% CI = 3.3 to 45.0), autoimmune hemolytic anemia (OR = 24.2, 95% CI = 5.4 to 108.2), polymyalgia rheumatica (OR = 2.9, 95% CI = 1.6 to 5.2), and giant cell arteritis (OR = 8.3, 95% CI = 2.1 to 33.1). An increased risk of LPL-WM was associated with a personal history of the following infectious diseases: pneumonia (OR = 1.4, 95% CI = 1.1 to 1.7), septicemia (OR = 2.4, 95% CI = 1.2 to 4.3), pyelonephritis (OR = 1.7, 95% CI = 1.1 to 2.5), sinusitis (OR = 2.7, 95% CI = 1.4 to 4.9), herpes zoster (OR = 3.4, 95% CI = 2.0 to 5.6), and influenza (OR = 2.9, 95% CI = 1.7 to 5.0). An increased risk of LPL-WM was associated with a family history of the following autoimmune or infectious diseases: Sjögren syndrome (OR = 5.0, 95% CI = 2.1 to 12.0), autoimmune hemolytic anemia (OR = 3.8, 95% CI = 1.1 to 13.2), Guillain-Barré syndrome (OR = 4.1, 95% CI = 1.8 to 9.4), cytomegalovirus (OR = 2.7, 95% CI = 1.4 to 5.3), gingivitis and periodontitis (OR = 1.9, 95% CI = 1.3 to 2.7), and chronic prostatitis (OR = 4.3, 95% CI = 1.7 to 11.1). Conclusions Personal history of certain immune-related and/or infectious conditions was strongly associated with increased risk of LPL-WM. The association of both personal and family history of Sjögren syndrome and autoimmune hemolytic anemia with risk of LPL-WM indicates the potential for shared susceptibility for these conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)557-567
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the National Cancer Institute
Volume102
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 21 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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