Immune-mediated β-cell destruction in vitro and in vivo-A pivotal role for galectin-3

Allan E. Karlsen, Zenia M. Størling, Thomas Sparre, Martin R. Larsen, Amer Mahmood, Joachim Størling, Peter Roepstorff, Krzysztof Wrzesinski, Peter Mose Larsen, Stephen Fey, Karin Nielsen, Peter Heding, Camillo Ricordi, Jesper Johannesen, Ole P. Kristiansen, Ulla B. Christensen, Ingrid Kockum, Holger Luthman, Jørn Nerup, Flemming Pociot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Pro-apoptotic cytokines are toxic to the pancreatic β-cells and have been associated with the pathogenesis of Type 1 diabetes (T1D). Proteome analysis of IL-1β exposed isolated rat islets identified galectin-3 (gal-3) as the most up-regulated protein. Here analysis of human and rat islets and insulinoma cells confirmed IL-1β regulated gal-3 expression of several gal-3 isoforms and a complex in vivo expression profile during diabetes development in rats. Over-expression of gal-3 protected β-cells against IL-1β toxicity, with a complete blockage of JNK phosphorylation, essential for IL-1-mediated apoptosis. Mutation scanning of regulatory and coding regions of the gal-3 gene (LGALS3) identified six polymorphisms. A haplotype comprising three cSNPs showed significantly increased transmission to unaffected offspring in 257 T1D families and replicated in an independent set of 170 T1D families. In summary, combined proteome-transcriptome-genome and functional analyses identify gal-3 as a candidate gene/protein in T1D susceptibility that may prove valuable in future intervention/prevention strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-415
Number of pages10
JournalBiochemical and biophysical research communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 26 2006


  • β-cell
  • Autoimmunity
  • BB-rats
  • Cyto-protection
  • Cytokines
  • Diabetes
  • Galectin
  • Human islets
  • Linkage analysis
  • Proteome analysis
  • Transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology


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