Immigration and HIV among migrant workers in rural southern Florida

Norman L. Weatherby, H. Virginia McCoy, Keith V. Bletzer, Clyde B. McCoy, James A. Inciardi, Duane C. McBride, Mary Ann Forney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

We studied HIV seropositivity among a targeted sample of migrant workers who used drugs, primarily crack cocaine, and their sexual partners in rural southern Florida from 1993 to 1995. We enrolled men and women who were born in the United States (n=369) or in other countries (n=174). Overall, 11.2% of the sample were HIV positive, including 18% of Blacks from the United States, and about 8% of non-Hispanic whites from the United States, Blacks from the Caribbean, and persons from Central or South America. No Hispanics from the United States or the Caribbean, but 3.4% of Hispanics from Mexico, were HIV positive. In logistic regression analyses, race/ethnicity, gender, and age were moot highly associated with HIV seropositivity. Immigration status, current drug use, and current sexual activity were not related to HIV seropositivity. HIV prevention programs must help reduce heterosexual transmission of HIV associated with drug use both locally and where migrants travel and work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-172
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Drug Issues
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Weatherby, N. L., Virginia McCoy, H., Bletzer, K. V., McCoy, C. B., Inciardi, J. A., McBride, D. C., & Forney, M. A. (1997). Immigration and HIV among migrant workers in rural southern Florida. Journal of Drug Issues, 27(1), 155-172. https://doi.org/10.1177/002204269702700111