Background. Treatment of asymptomatic impacted maxillary canines in adults is inevitable when primary canine becomes lost through extraction or exfoliation or when the impacted tooth becomes symptomatic. Treatment alternatives include an orthodontic procedure to bring the unerupted tooth to the dental arch or prosthetic replacement of the missing tooth. The authors describe an alternative treatment that involves immediate placement of implants into extraction sockets of the teeth. Case Description. A patient with bilateral palatally impacted upper canines chose to have the unerupted teeth removed and replaced with implants and crowns. Two hydroxyapatite cylindrical implants were inserted through the alveolar ridge into the extraction sites. The unfilled areas in the extraction sites, around the dental implants, were packed and covered with demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft in conjunction with a collagen membrane barrier. Six months after implantation, computed tomography revealed complete osseous fill of the extraction defects and no bone loss around the implants. The implants were uncovered, and porcelain-fused-to-metal restorations were fabricated and placed. Clinical Implications. This treatment modality avoids the need for conventional preparation of teeth as part of prosthetic reconstruction or prolonged orthodontic treatment aimed at bringing the impacted canine to the dental arch. Combining the implantation with bone augmentation preserved the alveolar bone and shortened the treatment period.
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