Immediate placement of implants in extraction sites of maxillary impacted canines

Ziv Mazor, Michael Peleg, Meir Redlich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Treatment of asymptomatic impacted maxillary canines in adults is inevitable when primary canine becomes lost through extraction or exfoliation or when the impacted tooth becomes symptomatic. Treatment alternatives include an orthodontic procedure to bring the unerupted tooth to the dental arch or prosthetic replacement of the missing tooth. The authors describe an alternative treatment that involves immediate placement of implants into extraction sockets of the teeth. Case Description. A patient with bilateral palatally impacted upper canines chose to have the unerupted teeth removed and replaced with implants and crowns. Two hydroxyapatite cylindrical implants were inserted through the alveolar ridge into the extraction sites. The unfilled areas in the extraction sites, around the dental implants, were packed and covered with demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft in conjunction with a collagen membrane barrier. Six months after implantation, computed tomography revealed complete osseous fill of the extraction defects and no bone loss around the implants. The implants were uncovered, and porcelain-fused-to-metal restorations were fabricated and placed. Clinical Implications. This treatment modality avoids the need for conventional preparation of teeth as part of prosthetic reconstruction or prolonged orthodontic treatment aimed at bringing the impacted canine to the dental arch. Combining the implantation with bone augmentation preserved the alveolar bone and shortened the treatment period.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the American Dental Association
Volume130
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

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Canidae
Unerupted Tooth
Dental Arch
Bone and Bones
Orthodontics
Tooth Socket
Therapeutics
Tooth Preparation
Impacted Tooth
Cuspid
Alveolar Process
Tooth Extraction
Dental Porcelain
Dental Implants
Durapatite
Crowns
Allografts
Tooth
Collagen
Metals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Immediate placement of implants in extraction sites of maxillary impacted canines. / Mazor, Ziv; Peleg, Michael; Redlich, Meir.

In: Journal of the American Dental Association, Vol. 130, No. 12, 01.12.1999.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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