Imaging of abdominal hernias.

P. A. Miller, D. G. Mezwa, P. J. Feczko, Z. H. Jafri, B. L. Madrazo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abdominal hernias are a common clinical problem. The main types of abdominal hernias are external or abdominal wall hernias, which involve protrusion of abdominal contents through a defect in the abdominal wall; internal hernias, which involve protrusion of viscera through the peritoneum or mesentery and into a compartment in the abdominal cavity; and diaphragmatic hernias, which involve protrusion of abdominal contents into the chest. Clinical diagnosis of abdominal hernias can be difficult. However, plain radiography, radiography performed after administration of barium, and computed tomography allow evaluation of suspected abdominal hernias and detection of those that are clinically occult. The anatomic location of the hernia, the contents, and complications such as incarceration, bowel obstruction, volvulus, and strangulation can be demonstrated with radiologic examination. Occasionally, complications such as neoplasms or inflammatory conditions can be identified in the hernial contents. With abdominal imaging modalities, a variety of abdominal hernias can be confidently diagnosed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-347
Number of pages15
JournalRadiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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