Illicit drug use, employment, and labor force participation

Michael French, M. Christopher Roebuck, Pierre Kebreau Alexandre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Illicit drug use has declined among the U.S. adult population, but national surveys show the majority of illicit drug users are employed. Concern about workplace productivity, absenteeism, and safety has led many employers to establish employee assistance and drug testing programs. Given the sharp interest in workplace interventions, more information is needed about the relationships between drug use and labor market status. This study estimated the probability of employment and labor force participation for different types of drug users using nationally representative data from the 1997 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. Results strongly indicated that chronic drug use was significantly related (negative) to employment for both genders and labor force participation for males. Furthermore, nonchronic drug use was not significantly related to employment or labor force participation. These findings suggest that workplace policies for illicit drug use should consider chronic or problem drug users apart from light or casual users.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-368
Number of pages20
JournalSouthern Economic Journal
Volume68
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Illicit drug use
Labor force participation
Work place
Drug use
Drugs
Absenteeism
Productivity
Illicit drugs
Drug abuse
Safety
Household survey
Drug testing
Employees
Labour market
Employers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics

Cite this

French, M., Christopher Roebuck, M., & Alexandre, P. K. (2001). Illicit drug use, employment, and labor force participation. Southern Economic Journal, 68(2), 349-368.

Illicit drug use, employment, and labor force participation. / French, Michael; Christopher Roebuck, M.; Alexandre, Pierre Kebreau.

In: Southern Economic Journal, Vol. 68, No. 2, 2001, p. 349-368.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

French, M, Christopher Roebuck, M & Alexandre, PK 2001, 'Illicit drug use, employment, and labor force participation', Southern Economic Journal, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 349-368.
French M, Christopher Roebuck M, Alexandre PK. Illicit drug use, employment, and labor force participation. Southern Economic Journal. 2001;68(2):349-368.
French, Michael ; Christopher Roebuck, M. ; Alexandre, Pierre Kebreau. / Illicit drug use, employment, and labor force participation. In: Southern Economic Journal. 2001 ; Vol. 68, No. 2. pp. 349-368.
@article{bec4fbcd75414770875f13bab6167210,
title = "Illicit drug use, employment, and labor force participation",
abstract = "Illicit drug use has declined among the U.S. adult population, but national surveys show the majority of illicit drug users are employed. Concern about workplace productivity, absenteeism, and safety has led many employers to establish employee assistance and drug testing programs. Given the sharp interest in workplace interventions, more information is needed about the relationships between drug use and labor market status. This study estimated the probability of employment and labor force participation for different types of drug users using nationally representative data from the 1997 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. Results strongly indicated that chronic drug use was significantly related (negative) to employment for both genders and labor force participation for males. Furthermore, nonchronic drug use was not significantly related to employment or labor force participation. These findings suggest that workplace policies for illicit drug use should consider chronic or problem drug users apart from light or casual users.",
author = "Michael French and {Christopher Roebuck}, M. and Alexandre, {Pierre Kebreau}",
year = "2001",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "68",
pages = "349--368",
journal = "Southern Economic Journal",
issn = "0038-4038",
publisher = "Southern Economic Association",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Illicit drug use, employment, and labor force participation

AU - French, Michael

AU - Christopher Roebuck, M.

AU - Alexandre, Pierre Kebreau

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Illicit drug use has declined among the U.S. adult population, but national surveys show the majority of illicit drug users are employed. Concern about workplace productivity, absenteeism, and safety has led many employers to establish employee assistance and drug testing programs. Given the sharp interest in workplace interventions, more information is needed about the relationships between drug use and labor market status. This study estimated the probability of employment and labor force participation for different types of drug users using nationally representative data from the 1997 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. Results strongly indicated that chronic drug use was significantly related (negative) to employment for both genders and labor force participation for males. Furthermore, nonchronic drug use was not significantly related to employment or labor force participation. These findings suggest that workplace policies for illicit drug use should consider chronic or problem drug users apart from light or casual users.

AB - Illicit drug use has declined among the U.S. adult population, but national surveys show the majority of illicit drug users are employed. Concern about workplace productivity, absenteeism, and safety has led many employers to establish employee assistance and drug testing programs. Given the sharp interest in workplace interventions, more information is needed about the relationships between drug use and labor market status. This study estimated the probability of employment and labor force participation for different types of drug users using nationally representative data from the 1997 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. Results strongly indicated that chronic drug use was significantly related (negative) to employment for both genders and labor force participation for males. Furthermore, nonchronic drug use was not significantly related to employment or labor force participation. These findings suggest that workplace policies for illicit drug use should consider chronic or problem drug users apart from light or casual users.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035602501&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035602501&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0035602501

VL - 68

SP - 349

EP - 368

JO - Southern Economic Journal

JF - Southern Economic Journal

SN - 0038-4038

IS - 2

ER -