Illicit drug use and cardiometabolic disease risk: An analysis of 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose To explore the association between illicit drug use (IDU) and cardiometabolic disease risk factors (CDRF) in a nationally representative sample of adults. Methods The 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys data from 20- to 45-year-old adults (n = 8738) were utilised to analyze the relationship between IDU (ever used, repeated use and current use) and CDRF (hyperlipidemia, hyperinsulinemia, hypertension, elevated C-reactive protein, body mass index, waist circumference and cigarette use) via chi square and logistic regression analyses. Age, gender, race/ethnicity, education level, poverty to income ratio (PIR), and alcohol use were included as confounders in the models. Results Individuals who reported drug use (DU) at least once in lifetime were more likely to have CDRF than non-DU (NDU) (OR = 1.3, p = 0.004). Females with DU, IDU at least once in lifetime, and with repeated IDU were about 1.5 times more likely than their NDU counterparts to have CDRF (p < 0.0001, p = 0.02, p = 0.02, respectively). Conclusion Results from this study suggest that healthcare professionals should be aware that patients with a history of DU may be at heightened risk for cardiometabolic disease. Females in particular have a heightened cluster of CDRF across drug-use categories.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1173-1181
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Practice
Volume67
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

Fingerprint

Nutrition Surveys
Street Drugs
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Hyperinsulinism
Waist Circumference
Poverty
Hyperlipidemias
Tobacco Products
C-Reactive Protein
Body Mass Index
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Alcohols
Hypertension
Delivery of Health Care
Education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{4663f119a3ac438e87d443916d947ed2,
title = "Illicit drug use and cardiometabolic disease risk: An analysis of 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data",
abstract = "Purpose To explore the association between illicit drug use (IDU) and cardiometabolic disease risk factors (CDRF) in a nationally representative sample of adults. Methods The 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys data from 20- to 45-year-old adults (n = 8738) were utilised to analyze the relationship between IDU (ever used, repeated use and current use) and CDRF (hyperlipidemia, hyperinsulinemia, hypertension, elevated C-reactive protein, body mass index, waist circumference and cigarette use) via chi square and logistic regression analyses. Age, gender, race/ethnicity, education level, poverty to income ratio (PIR), and alcohol use were included as confounders in the models. Results Individuals who reported drug use (DU) at least once in lifetime were more likely to have CDRF than non-DU (NDU) (OR = 1.3, p = 0.004). Females with DU, IDU at least once in lifetime, and with repeated IDU were about 1.5 times more likely than their NDU counterparts to have CDRF (p < 0.0001, p = 0.02, p = 0.02, respectively). Conclusion Results from this study suggest that healthcare professionals should be aware that patients with a history of DU may be at heightened risk for cardiometabolic disease. Females in particular have a heightened cluster of CDRF across drug-use categories.",
author = "Denise Vidot and Kristopher Arheart and Prado, {Guillermo J} and Bandstra, {Emmalee S} and Sarah Messiah",
year = "2013",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/ijcp.12189",
language = "English",
volume = "67",
pages = "1173--1181",
journal = "International Journal of Clinical Practice",
issn = "1368-5031",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Illicit drug use and cardiometabolic disease risk

T2 - An analysis of 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data

AU - Vidot, Denise

AU - Arheart, Kristopher

AU - Prado, Guillermo J

AU - Bandstra, Emmalee S

AU - Messiah, Sarah

PY - 2013/11/1

Y1 - 2013/11/1

N2 - Purpose To explore the association between illicit drug use (IDU) and cardiometabolic disease risk factors (CDRF) in a nationally representative sample of adults. Methods The 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys data from 20- to 45-year-old adults (n = 8738) were utilised to analyze the relationship between IDU (ever used, repeated use and current use) and CDRF (hyperlipidemia, hyperinsulinemia, hypertension, elevated C-reactive protein, body mass index, waist circumference and cigarette use) via chi square and logistic regression analyses. Age, gender, race/ethnicity, education level, poverty to income ratio (PIR), and alcohol use were included as confounders in the models. Results Individuals who reported drug use (DU) at least once in lifetime were more likely to have CDRF than non-DU (NDU) (OR = 1.3, p = 0.004). Females with DU, IDU at least once in lifetime, and with repeated IDU were about 1.5 times more likely than their NDU counterparts to have CDRF (p < 0.0001, p = 0.02, p = 0.02, respectively). Conclusion Results from this study suggest that healthcare professionals should be aware that patients with a history of DU may be at heightened risk for cardiometabolic disease. Females in particular have a heightened cluster of CDRF across drug-use categories.

AB - Purpose To explore the association between illicit drug use (IDU) and cardiometabolic disease risk factors (CDRF) in a nationally representative sample of adults. Methods The 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys data from 20- to 45-year-old adults (n = 8738) were utilised to analyze the relationship between IDU (ever used, repeated use and current use) and CDRF (hyperlipidemia, hyperinsulinemia, hypertension, elevated C-reactive protein, body mass index, waist circumference and cigarette use) via chi square and logistic regression analyses. Age, gender, race/ethnicity, education level, poverty to income ratio (PIR), and alcohol use were included as confounders in the models. Results Individuals who reported drug use (DU) at least once in lifetime were more likely to have CDRF than non-DU (NDU) (OR = 1.3, p = 0.004). Females with DU, IDU at least once in lifetime, and with repeated IDU were about 1.5 times more likely than their NDU counterparts to have CDRF (p < 0.0001, p = 0.02, p = 0.02, respectively). Conclusion Results from this study suggest that healthcare professionals should be aware that patients with a history of DU may be at heightened risk for cardiometabolic disease. Females in particular have a heightened cluster of CDRF across drug-use categories.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84886673887&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84886673887&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/ijcp.12189

DO - 10.1111/ijcp.12189

M3 - Article

C2 - 24165430

AN - SCOPUS:84886673887

VL - 67

SP - 1173

EP - 1181

JO - International Journal of Clinical Practice

JF - International Journal of Clinical Practice

SN - 1368-5031

IS - 11

ER -