We have explored how IL-15 influences Th1 or Th2 type immune response in vivo. Intraperitoneal application of an IL-15-IgG2b fusion protein (FP) to mice did neither significantly affect the footpad swelling nor the production of hemagglutinizing antibodies in a delayed type hypersensitivity reaction to sheep red blood cells. In contrast, in an established murine Th2 model of sensitization to ovalbumin (OVA), IL-15-IgG2b FP plus OVA sensitization resulted in massively accelerated and enhanced allergen-specific IgE and IgG1 antibody production. In vitro, stimulation of spleen cells from OVA-sensitized mice with OVA + IL-15 or OVA + IL-15-IgG2b resulted in a significantly enhanced IgE production. IL-4 secretion was significantly induced by IL-15 but not by IL-15-IgG2b. An IL-2-IgG2b FP with the same Fc tail as the IL-15-IgG2b FP was used as control in both models. In striking contrast to the IL-15-IgG2b FP, IL-2-IgG2b significantly inhibited the Th2 type antibody production in vivo. The current study suggests that IL-15-IgG2b may be employed as a potent accelerator and enhancer of Th2 type immune responses in vivo, while IL-2-IgG2b can suppress the latter.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||European Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Oct 26 1998|
- Fusion protein
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy