IL-11-induced reduction of C/EBP transcription factor binding may contribute to the IL-12 downregulation in tumor-bearing mice.

Marta Torroella-Kouri, James C. Keith, Milena Ivanova, Diana M. Lopez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Using a mammary tumor model syngeneic to BALB/c mice, we have characterized several tumor-derived factors. We now report that the DA-3 cell line derived from this tumor, as well as the in vivo tumor itself, express IL-11. The expression of IL-11 in the tumor is detectable at the transcriptional and translational levels, as evidenced by RT-PCR and Western blots. Using a murine IL-11 ELISA, we observed no differences in IL-11 production between normal and tumor-bearer's macrophages or T cells, with or without activation. Interestingly, elevated levels of IL-11 were found in the sera of tumor-bearers, when compared to normal animals and even higher levels of IL-11 were detected in the tumor cystic fluid. Macrophages from mice bearing large mammary tumors show an impaired production of IL-12 and NO, whereas T cells from the same animals display a deficient production of IFN-gamma. Pretreatment of normal macrophages with IL-11 resulted in no decrease in NO production, nor an impaired production of IFN-gamma was observed in normal T cells upon pretreatment with IL-11. However, pretreatment of normal macrophages with IL-11 resulted in a decreased production of IL-12, as revealed by ELISA and RT-PCR. Electromobility shift assays showed decreased binding of the transcription factor C/EBP to the IL-12p40 promoter of LPS-activated macrophages from normal animals, upon pretreatment with IL-11. In contrast, no differences were observed in the levels of NFkappaB binding under the same experimental conditions. Our results suggest that tumor-derived IL-11 may play a role in the depressed IL-12 production by macrophages, leading to the impaired immune functions observed during mammary tumorigenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)439-448
Number of pages10
JournalInternational journal of oncology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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