Cyclic AMP and Ca2+ are intracellular mediators of hormone action. Catecholamines interact with beta adrenoceptors to activate adenylate cyclase or with alpha2 adrenoceptors to inhibit adenylate cyclase. Alpha1 adrenoceptor activation results in elevation of cytosol Ca2+ and an increased breakdown of phosphatidylinositol. In blowfly salivary glands, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) interacts with beta type receptors resulting in adenylate cyclase activation while alpha type receptors are involved in phosphatidylinositol breakdown and elevation of cytosol Ca2+. The link between Ca2+ mobilization and phosphatidylinositol breakdown remains to be established but breakdown of the receptor-regulated pool of phosphatidylinositol is not secondary to the rise in Ca2+. Direct addition of 5-HT to cell-free homogenates of blowfly salivary glands results in activation of phosphatidylinositol breakdown in the absence of Ca2+. In rat liver plasma membrane preparations, vasopressin increases phosphatidylinositol breakdown in the absence of Ca2+ or cytosol if deoxycholate is present. The data do not indicate whether hormone activation increases the availability of substrate to enzymatic hydrolysis or activates phospholipase C. However, they demonstrate that hormones directly accelerate phosphatidylinositol breakdown.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)