Identity Profiles in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youth: The Role of Family Influences

Hallie R. Bregman, Neena M. Malik, Matthew J.L. Page, Emily Makynen, Kristin M. Lindahl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations


Sexual identity development is a central task of adolescence and young adulthood and can be especially challenging for sexual minority youth. Recent research has moved from a stage model of identity development in lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth to examining identity in a non-linear, multidimensional manner. In addition, although families have been identified as important to youth's identity development, limited research has examined the influence of parental responses to youth's disclosure of their LGB sexual orientation on LGB identity. The current study examined a multidimensional model of LGB identity and its links with parental support and rejection. One hundred and sixty-nine LGB adolescents and young adults (ages 14-24, 56 % male, 48 % gay, 31 % lesbian, 21 % bisexual) described themselves on dimensions of LGB identity and reported on parental rejection, sexuality-specific social support, and non-sexuality-specific social support. Using latent profile analysis (LPA), two profiles were identified, indicating that youth experience both affirmed and struggling identities. Results indicated that parental rejection and sexuality-specific social support from families were salient links to LGB identity profile classification, while non-sexuality specific social support was unrelated. Parental rejection and sexuality-specific social support may be important to target in interventions for families to foster affirmed LGB identity development in youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)417-430
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2013


  • Bisexual
  • Gay
  • Lesbian
  • Parental rejection
  • Sexual minority
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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