Identification of functional SNPs in the 5-prime flanking sequences of human genes

Salim Mottagui-Tabar, Mohammad A Faghihi, Yosuke Mizuno, Pär G. Engström, Boris Lenhard, Wyeth W. Wasserman, Claes R Wahlestedt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Over 4 million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are currently reported to exist within the human genome. Only a small fraction of these SNPs alter gene function or expression, and therefore might be associated with a cell phenotype. These functional SNPs are consequently important in understanding human health. Information related to functional SNPs in candidate disease genes is critical for cost effective genetic association studies, which attempt to understand the genetics of complex diseases like diabetes, Alzheimer's, etc. Robust methods for the identification of functional SNPs are therefore crucial. We report one such experimental approach. Results: Sequence conserved between mouse and human genomes, within 5 kilobases of the 5- prime end of 176 GPCR genes, were screened for SNPs. Sequences flanking these SNPs were scored for transcription factor binding sites. Allelic pairs resulting in a significant score difference were predicted to influence the binding of transcription factors (TFs). Ten such SNPs were selected for mobility shift assays (EMSA), resulting in 7 of them exhibiting a reproducible shift. The full-length promoter regions with 4 of the 7 SNPs were cloned in a Luciferase based plasmid reporter system. Two out of the 4 SNPs exhibited differential promoter activity in several human cell lines. Conclusions: We propose a method for effective selection of functional, regulatory SNPs that are located in evolutionary conserved 5-prime flanking regions (5'-FR) regions of human genes and influence the activity of the transcriptional regulatory region. Some SNPs behave differently in different cell types.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBMC Genomics
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 17 2005
Externally publishedYes

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5' Flanking Region
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Genes
Human Genome
Transcription Factors
Inborn Genetic Diseases
Conserved Sequence
Nucleic Acid Regulatory Sequences
Genetic Association Studies
Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay
Luciferases
Genetic Promoter Regions
Plasmids
Binding Sites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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Identification of functional SNPs in the 5-prime flanking sequences of human genes. / Mottagui-Tabar, Salim; Faghihi, Mohammad A; Mizuno, Yosuke; Engström, Pär G.; Lenhard, Boris; Wasserman, Wyeth W.; Wahlestedt, Claes R.

In: BMC Genomics, Vol. 6, 17.02.2005.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mottagui-Tabar, Salim ; Faghihi, Mohammad A ; Mizuno, Yosuke ; Engström, Pär G. ; Lenhard, Boris ; Wasserman, Wyeth W. ; Wahlestedt, Claes R. / Identification of functional SNPs in the 5-prime flanking sequences of human genes. In: BMC Genomics. 2005 ; Vol. 6.
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