Identification of Effective Strategies to Promote Language in Deaf Children With Cochlear Implants

Ivette Cruz, Alexandra L. Quittner, Craig Marker, Jean L. Desjardin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations


Parental involvement and communication are essential for language development in young children. However, hearing parents of deaf children face challenges in providing language input to their children. This study utilized the largest national sample of deaf children receiving cochlear implants, with the aim of identifying effective facilitative language techniques. Ninety-three deaf children (≤ 2 years) were assessed at 6 implant centers prior to and for 3 years following implantation. All parent-child interactions were videotaped, transcribed, and coded at each assessment. Analyses using bivariate latent difference score modeling indicated that higher versus lower level strategies predicted growth in expressive language and word types predicted growth in receptive language over time. These effective, higher level strategies could be used in early intervention programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-559
Number of pages17
JournalChild development
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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