5-Fluoro ADB, also known as 5-fluoro MDMB-PINACA, is a potent synthetic cannabinoid that is an agonist to the human cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors. Adverse physiological and psychological effects that have resulted in hospitalization and/or death have been associated with 5-Fluoro ADB use. In addition, analytical confirmation of 5-Fluoro ADB use has been reported in both forensic human performance toxicology and postmortem cases. An analytical method for the identification and quantification of 5-fluoro ADB and the 5-fluoro ADB ester hydrolysis metabolite in human blood samples by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was created and validated. The linear range of this assay was determined to be 0.01-10 ng/mL for 5-fluoro ADB and 10-500 ng/mL for the 5-fluoro ADB ester hydrolysis metabolite. The method met both precision and accuracy requirements. Endogenous and exogenous interferences were not observed. Ion suppression exceeding 25% was observed for 5-fluoro ADB. However, additional experiments were performed to ensure that the observed suppression did not affect other method validation parameters such as limit of detection and accuracy. Blood samples from 36 postmortem cases were analyzed utilizing this methodology. The average blood concentration of 5-fluoro ADB was 0.29 ng/mL in central blood specimens and 0.05 ng/mL in peripheral blood specimens. The average blood concentration of the 5-fluoro ADB ester hydrolysis metabolite was 49 ng/mL in central blood specimens and 21 ng/mL in peripheral blood specimens. A serum sample was also analyzed and had a serum concentration of 0.12 ng/mL for 5-fluoro ADB and 42 ng/mL for the 5-fluoro ADB ester hydrolysis metabolite. As the concentration of the 5-fluoro ADB ester hydrolysis metabolite was found at a greater concentration than that of 5-fluoro ADB, this metabolite may be a useful marker to monitor in an attempt to confirm 5-fluoro ADB use in toxicological investigations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Environmental Chemistry
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
- Chemical Health and Safety