Identification and characterization of growth suppressors of Escherichia coli strains lacking phosphorolytic ribonucleases

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Abstract

RNases are involved in critical aspects of RNA metabolism in all organisms. Two classes of RNases that digest RNA from an end (exo-RNases) are known: RNases that use water as a nucleophile to catalyze RNA degradation (hydrolytic RNases) and RNases that use inorganic phosphate (phosphorolytic RNases). It has been shown previously that the absence of the two known Escherichia coli phosphorolytic RNases, polynucleotide phosphorylase and RNase PH, leads to marked growth and ribosome assembly defects. To investigate the basis for these defects, a screen for growth suppressors was performed. The majority of suppressor mutations were found to lie within nsrR, which encodes a nitric oxide (NO)-sensitive transcriptional repressor. Further analysis showed that the suppressors function not by inactivating nsrR but by causing overexpression of a downstream gene that encodes a hydrolytic RNase, RNase R. Additional studies revealed that overexpression of another hydrolytic RNase, RNase II, similarly suppressed the growth defects. These results suggest that the requirement for phosphorolytic RNases for robust cellular growth and efficient ribosome assembly can be bypassed by increased expression of hydrolytic RNases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5622-5627
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Bacteriology
Volume191
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009

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Ribonucleases
Escherichia coli
Growth
Ribosomes
Polyribonucleotide Nucleotidyltransferase
RNA
Genetic Suppression
RNA Stability
Nitric Oxide
Phosphates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "Identification and characterization of growth suppressors of Escherichia coli strains lacking phosphorolytic ribonucleases",
abstract = "RNases are involved in critical aspects of RNA metabolism in all organisms. Two classes of RNases that digest RNA from an end (exo-RNases) are known: RNases that use water as a nucleophile to catalyze RNA degradation (hydrolytic RNases) and RNases that use inorganic phosphate (phosphorolytic RNases). It has been shown previously that the absence of the two known Escherichia coli phosphorolytic RNases, polynucleotide phosphorylase and RNase PH, leads to marked growth and ribosome assembly defects. To investigate the basis for these defects, a screen for growth suppressors was performed. The majority of suppressor mutations were found to lie within nsrR, which encodes a nitric oxide (NO)-sensitive transcriptional repressor. Further analysis showed that the suppressors function not by inactivating nsrR but by causing overexpression of a downstream gene that encodes a hydrolytic RNase, RNase R. Additional studies revealed that overexpression of another hydrolytic RNase, RNase II, similarly suppressed the growth defects. These results suggest that the requirement for phosphorolytic RNases for robust cellular growth and efficient ribosome assembly can be bypassed by increased expression of hydrolytic RNases.",
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AU - Jain, Chaitanya

PY - 2009/9/1

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N2 - RNases are involved in critical aspects of RNA metabolism in all organisms. Two classes of RNases that digest RNA from an end (exo-RNases) are known: RNases that use water as a nucleophile to catalyze RNA degradation (hydrolytic RNases) and RNases that use inorganic phosphate (phosphorolytic RNases). It has been shown previously that the absence of the two known Escherichia coli phosphorolytic RNases, polynucleotide phosphorylase and RNase PH, leads to marked growth and ribosome assembly defects. To investigate the basis for these defects, a screen for growth suppressors was performed. The majority of suppressor mutations were found to lie within nsrR, which encodes a nitric oxide (NO)-sensitive transcriptional repressor. Further analysis showed that the suppressors function not by inactivating nsrR but by causing overexpression of a downstream gene that encodes a hydrolytic RNase, RNase R. Additional studies revealed that overexpression of another hydrolytic RNase, RNase II, similarly suppressed the growth defects. These results suggest that the requirement for phosphorolytic RNases for robust cellular growth and efficient ribosome assembly can be bypassed by increased expression of hydrolytic RNases.

AB - RNases are involved in critical aspects of RNA metabolism in all organisms. Two classes of RNases that digest RNA from an end (exo-RNases) are known: RNases that use water as a nucleophile to catalyze RNA degradation (hydrolytic RNases) and RNases that use inorganic phosphate (phosphorolytic RNases). It has been shown previously that the absence of the two known Escherichia coli phosphorolytic RNases, polynucleotide phosphorylase and RNase PH, leads to marked growth and ribosome assembly defects. To investigate the basis for these defects, a screen for growth suppressors was performed. The majority of suppressor mutations were found to lie within nsrR, which encodes a nitric oxide (NO)-sensitive transcriptional repressor. Further analysis showed that the suppressors function not by inactivating nsrR but by causing overexpression of a downstream gene that encodes a hydrolytic RNase, RNase R. Additional studies revealed that overexpression of another hydrolytic RNase, RNase II, similarly suppressed the growth defects. These results suggest that the requirement for phosphorolytic RNases for robust cellular growth and efficient ribosome assembly can be bypassed by increased expression of hydrolytic RNases.

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