Ictal Panic and Interictal Panic Attacks: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Principles

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Ictal and postictal panic and interictal and primary panic attacks share common symptoms but differ with respect to duration and association with other symptoms. Acareful history is often sufficient to distinguish these events. When necessary, electroencephalography and neuroimaging studies, estimation of prolactin levels can be a helpful tool in establishing an accurate diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-175
Number of pages13
JournalNeurologic Clinics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Generalized anxiety disorders
  • Hippocampal sclerosis
  • Major depressive episodes
  • Postictal panic
  • Temporal lobe epilepsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology


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