Hypothalamic hormones and cancer

A. V. Schally, A. M. Comaru-Schally, A. Nagy, M. Kovacs, K. Szepeshazi, A. Plonowski, J. L. Varga, G. Halmos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

251 Scopus citations

Abstract

The use of peptide analogs for the therapy of various cancers is reviewed. Inhibition of the pituitary - gonadal axis forms the basis for oncological applications of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) agonists and antagonists, but direct effects on tumors may also play a role. Analogs of somatostatin are likewise used for treatment of various tumors. Radiolabeled somatostatin analogs have been successfully applied for the localization of tumors expressing somatostatin receptors. Studies on the role of tumoral LH-RH, growth hormone-releasing hormone (GH-RH), and bombesin/GRP and their receptors in the proliferation of various tumors are summarized, but the complete elucidation of all the mechanisms involved will require much additional work. Human tumors producing hypothalamic hormones are also discussed. Treatment of many cancers remains a major challenge, but new therapeutic modalities are being developed based on antagonists of GH-RH and bombesin, which inhibit growth factors or their receptors. Other approaches consist of the use of cytotoxic analogs of LH-RH, bombesin, and somatostatin, which can be targeted to receptors for these peptides in various cancers and their metastases. These new classes of peptide analogs should lead to a more effective treatment for various cancers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)248-291
Number of pages44
JournalFrontiers in Neuroendocrinology
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Agonists and antagonists of LH-RH
  • Bombesin antagonists
  • GH-RH antagonists
  • Somatostatin analogs
  • Targeted cytotoxic analogs
  • Tumor therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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  • Cite this

    Schally, A. V., Comaru-Schally, A. M., Nagy, A., Kovacs, M., Szepeshazi, K., Plonowski, A., Varga, J. L., & Halmos, G. (2001). Hypothalamic hormones and cancer. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology, 22(4), 248-291. https://doi.org/10.1006/frne.2001.0217