Background: Recurrent and persistent hypoketotic, hypofattyacidaemic hypoglycaemia in infancy and childhood is most frequently due to hyperinsulinism of infancy. This biochemical profile can also be due to non-islet cell tumour hypoglycaemia or circulating insulin-receptor autoantibodies. Hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia is also seen in children with the Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, where it is usually transient. Methods/Results: We report a novel case of child with hemihypertrophy and severe persistent hypoketotic, hypofattyacidaemic hypoinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia. No 'big' pro-IGF2 forms or circulating insulin-receptor antibodies were found. Glucose and protein isotope turnover studies showed marked suppression of hepatic glucose production during fasting. There was no evidence for constitutive autophosphorylation of the insulin or IGF-1 receptor, and no evidence for up-regulation of IGF-1 receptor. Conclusion: The precise pathophysiology of this novel case is still unclear.
- Hemihypertrophy, child with
- Hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia
- Hyperinsulinism of infancy
- Non-islet cell tumour hypoglycaemia
- Persistent hypoketotic, hypofattyacidaemic hypoglycaemia
ASJC Scopus subject areas