Hypertension, nitric oxide and end-organ damage

Areef Ishani, Leopoldo Raij

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hypertension is a common disorder. The morbidity and mortality attributed to hypertension are not uniform across patient populations. In certain individuals hypertension is accompanied by adaptive changes that involve the kidney, heart and blood vessels. Nitric oxide is a ubiquitous molecule that is upregulated by endothelial cells in response to shear stress and cyclic strain associated with hypertension. Experimental studies in animals have suggested that vascular upregulation of nitric oxide is an adaptive mechanism to increased blood pressure that may help in the prevention of end-organ damage. If these studies are applicable to humans, differences in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality from hypertension may result, at least in part, from the variation in endothelial function in response to hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-241
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Nitric Oxide
Hypertension
Blood Vessels
Morbidity
Mortality
Up-Regulation
Endothelial Cells
Blood Pressure
Kidney
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Hypertension, nitric oxide and end-organ damage. / Ishani, Areef; Raij, Leopoldo.

In: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension, Vol. 8, No. 2, 01.03.1999, p. 237-241.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ishani, Areef ; Raij, Leopoldo. / Hypertension, nitric oxide and end-organ damage. In: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension. 1999 ; Vol. 8, No. 2. pp. 237-241.
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