Hyperparathyroidism with hypercalcaemia in chronic kidney disease: Primary or tertiary?

Mitchell R. Lunn, Jair Muñoz Mendoza, Lezlee J. Pasche, Jeffrey A. Norton, Alexander L. Ayco, Glenn M. Chertow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. This study aims to highlight the challenges in the diagnosis of hyperparathyroidism (HPT) in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD).Methods. In this report, we describe a middle-aged Filipino gentleman with underlying CKD who presented with intractable nausea, vomiting, severe and medically refractory hypercalcaemia and parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations in excess of 2400 pg/mL. The underlying pathophysiology as well as the aetiologies and current relevant literature are discussed. We also suggest an appropriate diagnostic approach to identify and promptly treat patients with CKD, HPT and hypercalcaemia.Results. Evaluation confirmed the presence of a large parathyroid adenoma; HPT and hypercalcaemia resolved rapidly following resection.Conclusion. This case report is remarkable for its severe hypercalcaemia requiring haemodialysis, large adenoma size, acute-on-chronic kidney injury and markedly elevated PTH concentration in association with primary HPT in CKD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)366-371
Number of pages6
JournalNDT Plus
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2010

Keywords

  • parathyroid adenoma
  • parathyroid hormone
  • primary hyperparathyroidism
  • PTH
  • tertiary hyperparathyroidism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

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