Hydrostatic Pressurization and Depletion of Trapped Lubricant Pool During Creep Contact of a Rippled Indenter Against a Biphasic Articular Cartilage Layer

Michael A. Soltz, Ines M. Basalo, Gerard A. Ateshian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study presents an analysis of the contact of a rippled rigid impermeable indenter against a cartilage layer, which represents a first simulation of the contact of rough cartilage surfaces with lubricant entrapment. Cartilage was modeled with the biphasic theory for hydrated soft tissues, to account for fluid flow into or out of the lubricant pool. The findings of this study demonstrate that under contact creep, the trapped lubricant pool gets depleted within a time period on the order of seconds or minutes as a result of lubricant flow into the articular cartilage. Prior to depletion, hydrostatic fluid load support across the contact interface may be enhanced by the presence of the trapped lubricant pool, depending on the initial geometry of the lubricant pool. According to friction models based on the biphasic nature of the tissue, this enhancement in fluid load support produces a smaller minimum friction coefficient than would otherwise be predicted without a lubricant pool. The results of this study support the hypothesis that trapped lubricant decreases the initial friction coefficient following load application, independently of squeeze-film lubrication effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)585-593
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of biomechanical engineering
Volume125
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Physiology (medical)

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