In glomerulonephritides, autacoids such as nitric oxide (NO), reactive oxygen species, and prostanoids are produced in increased amounts in response to cytokines such as interleukin-1 (IL-1). These autacoids influence the expression of glomerular injury by their direct as well as interactive actions. We studied the effect of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) on NO production in rat mesangial cells. We demonstrate that transient exposure of mesangial cells to H2O2 prior to sustained exposure to IL-1 decreased extracellular accumulation of NO2/NO3 and cellular guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) content. H2O2 markedly impaired inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) activity induced by IL-1 directly measured by the conversion of L- [14C]arginine to L-[14C]citrulline. Such impairment in iNOS activity was accompanied by a parallel reduction in iNOS protein abundance but not by a reduced expression of iNOS mRNA. The inhibitory effect of H2O2 on NOS activity was further supported by peroxide-induced impairment in IL-1- driven, NO-dependent synthesis of prostaglandin E2. Our studies thus provide the first direct evidence of a posttranscriptional inhibitory effect of H2O2 on iNOS activity. Additionally, our studies uncover the existence of a previously unrecognized effect of H2O2 on the production of NO that may exert influence on the severity of glomerular injury during glomerular inflammation.
- Nitric oxide
ASJC Scopus subject areas