Hydration, dehydration, and the total hydrogen budget of the 1999/2000 winter Arctic stratosphere

R. L. Herman, K. Drdla, J. R. Spackman, D. F. Hurst, P. J. Popp, C. R. Webster, P. A. Romashkin, J. W. Elkins, E. M. Weinstock, B. W. Gandrud, G. C. Toon, M. R. Schoeberl, H. Jost, Elliot L Atlas, T. P. Bui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stratospheric H2O, CH4, and H2 measured during the 1999/2000 Arctic winter are used to examine the total hydrogen budget and to quantify hydration and dehydration within the Arctic polar vortex. The mean volume mixing ratio of equivalent water, H2Oeq = H2O + 2*CH4, was found to be 7.38 ± 0.11 ppmv in the vortex and 7.35 ± 0.10 ppmv in the extravortex and vortex edge regions, implying insignificant net loss of H2O from the 50-90 hPa layer of the Arctic stratosphere. However, isolated occurrences of hydration and dehydration were observed on several flights. In particular, an average dehydration of 0.31 ppmv was encountered for 440 km along the NASA ER-2 aircraft flight path on 27 January 2000 (0.63 ppmv maximum dehydration). Diabatic back-trajectory calculations indicate that this dehydrated air parcel may have encountered temperatures below the ice frost point two weeks earlier. In addition to these isolated events, measurements of equivalent water indicated a decrease with altitude throughout the lower stratospheric vortex and vortex edge. Potential causes of this altitude dependence are quantified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans
Volume108
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 16 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Upper atmosphere
stratosphere
Dehydration
hydration
dehydration
Hydration
budgets
winter
vortex
Hydrogen
Vortex flow
hydrogen
vortices
flight
U-2 aircraft
polar vortex
flight paths
frost
Flight paths
mixing ratio

Keywords

  • Arctic
  • Dehydration
  • Hydration
  • SOLVE
  • Stratosphere
  • Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Herman, R. L., Drdla, K., Spackman, J. R., Hurst, D. F., Popp, P. J., Webster, C. R., ... Bui, T. P. (2003). Hydration, dehydration, and the total hydrogen budget of the 1999/2000 winter Arctic stratosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans, 108(5).

Hydration, dehydration, and the total hydrogen budget of the 1999/2000 winter Arctic stratosphere. / Herman, R. L.; Drdla, K.; Spackman, J. R.; Hurst, D. F.; Popp, P. J.; Webster, C. R.; Romashkin, P. A.; Elkins, J. W.; Weinstock, E. M.; Gandrud, B. W.; Toon, G. C.; Schoeberl, M. R.; Jost, H.; Atlas, Elliot L; Bui, T. P.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans, Vol. 108, No. 5, 16.03.2003.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Herman, RL, Drdla, K, Spackman, JR, Hurst, DF, Popp, PJ, Webster, CR, Romashkin, PA, Elkins, JW, Weinstock, EM, Gandrud, BW, Toon, GC, Schoeberl, MR, Jost, H, Atlas, EL & Bui, TP 2003, 'Hydration, dehydration, and the total hydrogen budget of the 1999/2000 winter Arctic stratosphere', Journal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans, vol. 108, no. 5.
Herman RL, Drdla K, Spackman JR, Hurst DF, Popp PJ, Webster CR et al. Hydration, dehydration, and the total hydrogen budget of the 1999/2000 winter Arctic stratosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans. 2003 Mar 16;108(5).
Herman, R. L. ; Drdla, K. ; Spackman, J. R. ; Hurst, D. F. ; Popp, P. J. ; Webster, C. R. ; Romashkin, P. A. ; Elkins, J. W. ; Weinstock, E. M. ; Gandrud, B. W. ; Toon, G. C. ; Schoeberl, M. R. ; Jost, H. ; Atlas, Elliot L ; Bui, T. P. / Hydration, dehydration, and the total hydrogen budget of the 1999/2000 winter Arctic stratosphere. In: Journal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans. 2003 ; Vol. 108, No. 5.
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AB - Stratospheric H2O, CH4, and H2 measured during the 1999/2000 Arctic winter are used to examine the total hydrogen budget and to quantify hydration and dehydration within the Arctic polar vortex. The mean volume mixing ratio of equivalent water, H2Oeq = H2O + 2*CH4, was found to be 7.38 ± 0.11 ppmv in the vortex and 7.35 ± 0.10 ppmv in the extravortex and vortex edge regions, implying insignificant net loss of H2O from the 50-90 hPa layer of the Arctic stratosphere. However, isolated occurrences of hydration and dehydration were observed on several flights. In particular, an average dehydration of 0.31 ppmv was encountered for 440 km along the NASA ER-2 aircraft flight path on 27 January 2000 (0.63 ppmv maximum dehydration). Diabatic back-trajectory calculations indicate that this dehydrated air parcel may have encountered temperatures below the ice frost point two weeks earlier. In addition to these isolated events, measurements of equivalent water indicated a decrease with altitude throughout the lower stratospheric vortex and vortex edge. Potential causes of this altitude dependence are quantified.

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