Background: This study examines the outcome of hybrid revascularization combining iliofemoral endarterectomy and iliac artery stenting using covered stents in TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC) C and D aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD) involving the common femoral artery (CFA). Methods: A retrospective review was conducted in patients with TASC C and D AIOD involving the CFA and undergoing hybrid revascularization. Covered stents were used primarily. Demographics, indications for surgery, lesion classification, hospital length of stay (LOS), 30-day morbidity/mortality, hemodynamic and clinical success, and patency were assessed. Results: Thirty-six male patients (41 limbs), mean age 63.9 ± 6 years, were identified (TASC C = 39%, D = 61%). Indications for surgery were claudication (27%), rest pain (44%), and tissue loss (29%). A simultaneous adjunctive procedure (5 infrainguinal bypass, 3 superficial femoral artery stents) was performed in 22%. Thirty-day outcomes included 1 mortality (2.7%) and 2 reoperation (5.5%), 1 for femoral artery pseudoaneurysm and 1 for bilateral groin seroma. LOS was 4 days (interquartile range 3–6). All patients with available data experienced 30-day clinical and hemodynamic success. Mean follow-up was 23 months (range 1–79 months) with a primary patency of 85.4%. Cumulative primary assisted and secondary patency was 92.6%. The femoral patch repair was the most frequent site of reintervention (3/3). Mortality was 34% during the study period, and it was significantly higher in patients with tissue loss (57.1% vs. 14.8%, P = 0.01). Conclusions: The hybrid approach has low morbidity, mortality, and fast recovery. The use of covered stents/stent grafts provides good mid-term patency. Close follow-up with noninvasive imaging is paramount to avoid repair failure, in particular at the femoral patch repair site.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine