Hyalinizing spindle cell tumor with giant rosettes: A report of three cases with ultrastructural analysis

Gunnlaugur P. Nielsen, Martin K. Selig, John X. O'Connell, Suzanne B. Keel, G. Richard Dickersin, Andrew E. Rosenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


We report the light microscopic, ultrastructural appearance and immunohistochemical staining profile of three distinctive soft-tissue tumors recently designated hyalinizing spindle cell tumor with giant rosettes. The tumors occurred in two men, 41 and 54 years old, and one woman, 62 years old. Two tumors arose in the lower extremities and one in the upper arm. Two tumors were resected and measured 3 and 13.2 cm in greatest diameter; a biopsy only was done of the third tumor. Grossly, the tumors had a tan, pink, or white cut surface. The largest tumor exhibited central cystic change. Microscopically, they all displayed similar features and were composed of fibromyxoid regions, with areas of hyalinization in two tumors and focal ossification in one tumor. Scattered throughout each of the tumors were rosette-like structures in which neoplastic cells were arranged around a central collagenous core. Ultrastructurally, the neoplastic cells demonstrated the features of fibroblasts. In all tumors, there was abundant extracellular collagen fibers and in one there were large aggregates of amorphous extracellular external lamina-like material. The center of the rosette-like structures was composed of banded collagen fibers and the cells at the periphery of the rosettes had ultrastructural features similar to the neoplastic spindle cells located elsewhere in the tumor. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells stained for vimentin. There was focal staining of the widely distributed spindle cells and cells that formed the rosettes for Leu-7, S-100 protein, and CD34. In one tumor, there was faint diffuse staining of the spindle cells for neuron-specific enolase. One tumor (with the amorphous extracellular material) stained for type IV collagen. There was no staining for desmin, muscle actin, smooth muscle actin, keratin, or epithelial membrane antigen. These results demonstrate that hyalinizing spindle cell tumor with giant rosettes is composed of fibroblasts. We did not demonstrate any ultrastructural or immunohistochemical differences between the spindle cells that comprised the majority of the mass and those that surrounded the rosette-like structures. There was no ultrastructural evidence of neural differentiation to explain the focal S-100 protein and Leu-7 staining of the tumor cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1227-1232
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgical Pathology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Hyalinizing spindle cell tumor with giant rosettes
  • Soft tissue
  • Ultrastructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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