Hurricane intensity forecasting at NOAA using Envisat altimetry

John Lillibridge, Lynn K Shay, Mark DeMaria, Gustavo Goni, Michelle Mainelli, Remko Scharroo, Lamar Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

NOAA's National Hurricane Center (NHC) has a number of skillful track guidance models, but only a limited number of intensity prediction schemes. The relatively low skill of intensity forecasts is due to the complexity of the problem, which involves a very wide range of scales, and interaction with the underlying ocean. The empirical Statistical Hurricane Intensity Prediction Scheme (SHIPS) provides intensity predictions with accuracy comparable to those from the coupled threedimensional GFDL hurricane model [1]. SHIPS was implemented at the NHC in 1996, and upgraded in 2004 to include upper ocean heat content (OHC) estimated from satellite altimetry. It is believed that hurricane intensification can occur over regions where OHC values exceed 50 kJ/cm 2, not just in regions of high sea surface temperature [2]. The OHC analysis presently incorporates sea surface height from Jason-1 and Geosat Follow-On. Envisat altimetry is expected to be included in the OHC analysis for the 2007 hurricane season. Efforts are underway to reduce the latency of Envisat data by including the FastDelivery Marine Abridged Record (FDMAR) products.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
Issue numberSP-636
StatePublished - Jul 2007

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hurricanes
Cyclonic Storms
altimetry
Hurricanes
Oceans and Seas
forecasting
oceans
Enthalpy
Hot Temperature
enthalpy
predictions
satellite altimetry
sea surface temperature
Satellites
Temperature
products

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering

Cite this

Lillibridge, J., Shay, L. K., DeMaria, M., Goni, G., Mainelli, M., Scharroo, R., & Russell, L. (2007). Hurricane intensity forecasting at NOAA using Envisat altimetry. Unknown Journal, (SP-636).

Hurricane intensity forecasting at NOAA using Envisat altimetry. / Lillibridge, John; Shay, Lynn K; DeMaria, Mark; Goni, Gustavo; Mainelli, Michelle; Scharroo, Remko; Russell, Lamar.

In: Unknown Journal, No. SP-636, 07.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lillibridge, J, Shay, LK, DeMaria, M, Goni, G, Mainelli, M, Scharroo, R & Russell, L 2007, 'Hurricane intensity forecasting at NOAA using Envisat altimetry', Unknown Journal, no. SP-636.
Lillibridge J, Shay LK, DeMaria M, Goni G, Mainelli M, Scharroo R et al. Hurricane intensity forecasting at NOAA using Envisat altimetry. Unknown Journal. 2007 Jul;(SP-636).
Lillibridge, John ; Shay, Lynn K ; DeMaria, Mark ; Goni, Gustavo ; Mainelli, Michelle ; Scharroo, Remko ; Russell, Lamar. / Hurricane intensity forecasting at NOAA using Envisat altimetry. In: Unknown Journal. 2007 ; No. SP-636.
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