Humanized OKT3 antibodies: Successful transfer of immune modulating properties and idiotype expression

E. S. Woodle, J. R. Thistlethwaite, L. K. Jolliffe, R. A. Zivin, A. Collins, J. R. Adair, M. Bodmer, D. Athwal, M. L. Alegre, J. A. Bluestone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


Antibodies that possess the Ag-binding regions of OKT3 within the context of a human framework (Hu-OKT3 Ab) offer distinct advantages for optimizing anti-CD3 mAb therapy. First, manipulation of Ab genes to produce humanized Ab that retain Ag-binding activity may circumvent antigenicity problems. Second, Ab gene engineering provides a means for modifying functional properties, including T cell activation and immune suppression. The purpose of this study was to determine the functional properties of Hu-OKT3 Ab and to compare the functional properties and idiotypes of Hu-OKT3 Ab to those of rnurine OKT3. Three Hu-OKT3 IgG4 Ab, a chimeric OKT3 antibody (cOKT3-1) (grafted sequences comprising all OKT3 VH and VL regions) and two complementarity determining region (CDR)-grafted antibodies, gOKT3-5 and gOKT3-6 (grafted sequences comprising only OKT3 VH and VL CDR and some framework amino acids, were analyzed. Initial studies demonstrated that the cOKT3 and gOKT3-5 Ab bound selectively to T cells and competitively inhibited OKT3-FITC binding with avidities similar to that of murine OKT3. Binding avidity of the gOKT3-6 Ab was markedly less than that of the other two Hu-OKT3 Ab. Serologic analysis suggested that cOKT3 and gOKT3-5 Ab possess idiotypes (combining sites) similar to murine OKT3. T cell activation potency of all three Hu-OKT3 Ab was assessed by proliferation, induction of activation marker expression (IL-2R and Leu 23), and lymphokine production (TNF-α and IFN-γ). The cOKT3 and gOKT3-5 Ab demonstrated T cell activation potencies similar to murine OKT3 as assessed by each parameter. CD3 coating and modulation by these two Ab was effective but somewhat less potent than that observed with OKT3. Finally, cOKT3 and gOKT3-5 Ab both inhibited CTL activity comparably to murine OKT3. In conclusion, these studies indicate that gOKT3-5 and cOKT3 Ab possess immune modulating properties similar to murine OKT3 and thus offer attractive alternatives to murine OKT3 for in vivo therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2756-2763
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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