Human resources and international joint venture performance: A system perspective

Yaping Gong, Oded Shenkar, Yadong Luo, Mee Kau Nyaw

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


Building on general systems theory, we argue that the multi-system nature of the international joint venture (IJV) drives two distinct but inter-related sets of human resource (HR) issues: a set whose core is mainly within the venture subsystem (within-IJV HR set), producing a detrimental impact on venture performance; and a set associated mainly with the relational tension along the interface between the parent and the venture subsystem (relational/interface HR set). The relational set is detrimental at the system level, but actually has a positive performance impact at the venture subsystem level. Hierarchical regression results from a sample of 265 China-based IJVs offer support for the above hypotheses developed around the two sets of HR issues. We discuss implications for IJV theory, research, and practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)505-518
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of International Business Studies
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2005


  • General systems theory
  • Human resources
  • International joint venture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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