Human Papilloma Virus and Cervical Cancer Education Needs among HIV-Positive Haitian Women in Miami

Sonjia Kenya, Olveen Carrasquillo, Marie Fatil, Jamal Jones, Chrystelle Jean, India Huff, Erin Kobetz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Haitian immigrant women, the largest growing Black ethnic group in Miami, experience the highest rates of cervical cancer and account for one of the largest populations diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in South Florida. Using community-based participatory research methods, we conducted a pilot study to examine human papilloma virus (HPV)/cervical cancer knowledge and identify intervention preferences among HIV positive Haitian women. Methods: Community health workers conducted three focus groups with 21 HIV-positive Haitian women. All sessions were conducted in Haitian Kreyol, digitally recorded, and subsequently interpreted and transcribed into English. The first focus group assessed HPV/cervical cancer knowledge, the second session explored HPV/cervical cancer considerations specific to HIV-positive women, and the third focus group discussed HPV/cervical cancer screening and intervention preferences. Data analysis was guided by a grounded theory approach. Findings: Our sample had limited HPV/cervical cancer knowledge. Misconceptions about screening, transmission, and treatment were common. Participants felt that stigma by providers impacted negatively the care they received and that stigma by the community diminished social support. Strong support for culturally tailored interventions to improve HPV/cervical cancer knowledge was expressed. Although no participants had participated in research previously, all were willing to participate in future trials. Conclusions: There is critical need for culturally relevant interventions to improve HPV/cervical cancer knowledge among HIV-positive Haitian women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)262-266
Number of pages5
JournalWomen's Health Issues
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Maternity and Midwifery
  • Health(social science)

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