This article reviews human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in Haiti. The evolution of the epidemic in Haiti, its spread from urban to rural areas, its varied clinical manifestations, and the attitudes of Haitian people toward HIV infection provide important lessons on understanding and managing this infection in a developing country. The heterosexual spread of HIV, particularly among the poor, is well-documented as is the role of other sexually transmitted diseases along with tuberculosis. Coinfection of HIV and tuberculosis have led researchers to study the effects of six-month supervised intermittent tuberculosis therapy both in controlling tuberculosis and slowing the progression of HIV. Various surveys and discussion groups about acquired immunodeficiency virus knowledge and beliefs demonstrate a large deficit in HIV education despite campaigns to educate the population. The great impact of HIV disease on morbidity and mortality in Haiti indicates that a great deal of work still needs to be accomplished and demonstrates the frustration in fighting the infection in countries with inadequate resources and infrastructure. Advances in HIV vaccine research seem to be the most promising option for developing countries such as Haiti.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of the National Medical Association|
|State||Published - Mar 1 1999|
- Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
- Human immunodefiency virus
ASJC Scopus subject areas