Human immunodeficiency virus and the substance abuser: public policy considerations.

P. Ruiz, F. Fernandez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Until recently, the abuse of intravenous drugs was perceived as a problem of the United States, and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic was seen mainly as a sexually transmitted disease that tended to affect homosexuals from industrialized nations. However, these perceptions are no longer valid. At present, the abuse of intravenous drugs constitutes the second most common cause of AIDS in the United States and in Europe. This trend has led to a review of the current strategies in the fight against infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We analyzed the current epidemiologic trends regarding infection with HIV; we examined the behavioral manifestations of intravenous drug users, particularly from a sexual point of view; and finally, we reviewed the most relevant governmental public policy positions related to drug abuse, specially that focusing on "damage control."

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)64-67
Number of pages4
JournalTexas medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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