Human identification based on 3D ear models

Steven Cadavid, Mohamed Abdel-Mottaleb

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two 3D ear recognition systems using structure from motion (SFM) and shape from shading (SFS) techniques, respectively, are explored. Segmentation of the ear region is performed using interpolation of ridges and ravines identified in each frame in a video sequence. For the SFM system, salient features are tracked across the video sequence and are reconstructed in 3D using a factorization method. Reconstructed points located within the valid ear region are stored as the ear model. The dataset used consists of video sequences for 48 subjects. Each test model is optimally aligned to the database models using a combination of geometric transformations which result in a minimal partial Hausdorff distance. For the SFS system, the ear structure is recovered by using reflectance and illumination properties of the scene. Shape matching is performed via iterative closest point. Based on our results, we conclude that both structure from motion and shape from shading are viable approaches for 3D ear recognition from video sequences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIEEE Conference on Biometrics
Subtitle of host publicationTheory, Applications and Systems, BTAS'07
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007
Event1st IEEE International Conference on Biometrics: Theory, Applications, and Systems, BTAS '07 - Crystal City, VA, United States
Duration: Sep 27 2007Sep 29 2007

Publication series

NameIEEE Conference on Biometrics: Theory, Applications and Systems, BTAS'07

Other

Other1st IEEE International Conference on Biometrics: Theory, Applications, and Systems, BTAS '07
CountryUnited States
CityCrystal City, VA
Period9/27/079/29/07

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Cadavid, S., & Abdel-Mottaleb, M. (2007). Human identification based on 3D ear models. In IEEE Conference on Biometrics: Theory, Applications and Systems, BTAS'07 [4401938] (IEEE Conference on Biometrics: Theory, Applications and Systems, BTAS'07). https://doi.org/10.1109/BTAS.2007.4401938