The immediate-early response gene, EGR-1, encodes a zinc finger-containing transcription factor that is involved in growth and differentiation of a variety of cell types. EGR-1 is induced in normal T cells following mitogenic stimulation and has recently been shown to be constitutively expressed in human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I)- and type II (HTLV-II)-transformed T-cell lines. The trans-activating protein of HTLV-I, Tax, has been demonstrated to trans-activate promoters of a number of cellular genes, some of which may be critical in regulating T-cell proliferation. In this study, we examine the effect of Tax on expression of EGR-1 in three T-cell lines and demonstrate that both HTLV-I and -II Tax are capable of trans-activating human EGR-1 recombinant promoter constructs. Interestingly, HTLV-I and -II Tax trans-activate the human EGR-1 promoter through different promoter regions in the Jurkat cell line, suggesting that HTLV-I and -II Tax may lead to constitutive expression of EGR-1 through different signaling pathways. Deregulated expression of EGR-1 may contribute to uncontrolled cell growth and transformation during early stages of T-cell activation in HTLV-I and -II-infected cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research