HTLV-I and HTLV-II tax trans-activate the human EGR-1 promoter through different cis-acting sequences

K. M. Sakamoto, S. D. Nimer, J. D. Rosenblatt, J. C. Gasson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


The immediate-early response gene, EGR-1, encodes a zinc finger-containing transcription factor that is involved in growth and differentiation of a variety of cell types. EGR-1 is induced in normal T cells following mitogenic stimulation and has recently been shown to be constitutively expressed in human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I)- and type II (HTLV-II)-transformed T-cell lines. The trans-activating protein of HTLV-I, Tax, has been demonstrated to trans-activate promoters of a number of cellular genes, some of which may be critical in regulating T-cell proliferation. In this study, we examine the effect of Tax on expression of EGR-1 in three T-cell lines and demonstrate that both HTLV-I and -II Tax are capable of trans-activating human EGR-1 recombinant promoter constructs. Interestingly, HTLV-I and -II Tax trans-activate the human EGR-1 promoter through different promoter regions in the Jurkat cell line, suggesting that HTLV-I and -II Tax may lead to constitutive expression of EGR-1 through different signaling pathways. Deregulated expression of EGR-1 may contribute to uncontrolled cell growth and transformation during early stages of T-cell activation in HTLV-I and -II-infected cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2125-2130
Number of pages6
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research


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