How women have fared as interscholastic athletic administrators since the passage of Title IX

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess how well women have fared under Title IX at the interscholastic level, not as participants or coaches, but beyond the playing field into the offices of the athletic director. Demographic data were collected pertaining to the gender of members who belong to state high school athletic director associations identified by the National Interscholastic Athletic Administrators Association (NIAAA). An analysis of the gender composition of those state organizations showed that significantly (p < .05) fewer women (13 % ) than men (87 % ) held interscholastic athletic administrator positions. Additional analyses showed that there were state as well as regional differences in the percentage of women serving as interscholastic athletic directors. The findings demonstrate that although women have made extensive gains on the playing field as participants, they have been denied access to the positions of power within interscholastic athletics. Remedies and the potential effects of this segregation on girls and women, beyond the playing field, are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-184
Number of pages6
JournalSex Roles
Volume49
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Administrative Personnel
Sports
director
gender
coach
regional difference
segregation
remedies
Demography
Organizations
school

Keywords

  • Interscholastic athletics
  • Title IX
  • Women athletic directors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Gender Studies

Cite this

How women have fared as interscholastic athletic administrators since the passage of Title IX. / Whisenant, Warren.

In: Sex Roles, Vol. 49, No. 3-4, 01.08.2003, p. 179-184.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c8180e277a3545a5b89d30409cef2012,
title = "How women have fared as interscholastic athletic administrators since the passage of Title IX",
abstract = "The purpose of this study was to assess how well women have fared under Title IX at the interscholastic level, not as participants or coaches, but beyond the playing field into the offices of the athletic director. Demographic data were collected pertaining to the gender of members who belong to state high school athletic director associations identified by the National Interscholastic Athletic Administrators Association (NIAAA). An analysis of the gender composition of those state organizations showed that significantly (p < .05) fewer women (13 {\%} ) than men (87 {\%} ) held interscholastic athletic administrator positions. Additional analyses showed that there were state as well as regional differences in the percentage of women serving as interscholastic athletic directors. The findings demonstrate that although women have made extensive gains on the playing field as participants, they have been denied access to the positions of power within interscholastic athletics. Remedies and the potential effects of this segregation on girls and women, beyond the playing field, are also discussed.",
keywords = "Interscholastic athletics, Title IX, Women athletic directors",
author = "Warren Whisenant",
year = "2003",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1023/A:1024417115698",
language = "English",
volume = "49",
pages = "179--184",
journal = "Sex Roles: A Journal of Research",
issn = "0360-0025",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "3-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - How women have fared as interscholastic athletic administrators since the passage of Title IX

AU - Whisenant, Warren

PY - 2003/8/1

Y1 - 2003/8/1

N2 - The purpose of this study was to assess how well women have fared under Title IX at the interscholastic level, not as participants or coaches, but beyond the playing field into the offices of the athletic director. Demographic data were collected pertaining to the gender of members who belong to state high school athletic director associations identified by the National Interscholastic Athletic Administrators Association (NIAAA). An analysis of the gender composition of those state organizations showed that significantly (p < .05) fewer women (13 % ) than men (87 % ) held interscholastic athletic administrator positions. Additional analyses showed that there were state as well as regional differences in the percentage of women serving as interscholastic athletic directors. The findings demonstrate that although women have made extensive gains on the playing field as participants, they have been denied access to the positions of power within interscholastic athletics. Remedies and the potential effects of this segregation on girls and women, beyond the playing field, are also discussed.

AB - The purpose of this study was to assess how well women have fared under Title IX at the interscholastic level, not as participants or coaches, but beyond the playing field into the offices of the athletic director. Demographic data were collected pertaining to the gender of members who belong to state high school athletic director associations identified by the National Interscholastic Athletic Administrators Association (NIAAA). An analysis of the gender composition of those state organizations showed that significantly (p < .05) fewer women (13 % ) than men (87 % ) held interscholastic athletic administrator positions. Additional analyses showed that there were state as well as regional differences in the percentage of women serving as interscholastic athletic directors. The findings demonstrate that although women have made extensive gains on the playing field as participants, they have been denied access to the positions of power within interscholastic athletics. Remedies and the potential effects of this segregation on girls and women, beyond the playing field, are also discussed.

KW - Interscholastic athletics

KW - Title IX

KW - Women athletic directors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0043075899&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0043075899&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1023/A:1024417115698

DO - 10.1023/A:1024417115698

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0043075899

VL - 49

SP - 179

EP - 184

JO - Sex Roles: A Journal of Research

JF - Sex Roles: A Journal of Research

SN - 0360-0025

IS - 3-4

ER -