How to identify liabilities of foreignness and assess their effects on multinational corporations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

83 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article examines the liabilities of foreignness construct and discusses key methodological and research design issues facing liability of foreignness researchers. After reviewing past studies and more recent liabilities of foreignness research, I discuss definitional issues related to this construct. I then present a two-part research framework designed to first help identify a specific liability of foreignness in a focal country, and then help identify factors that minimize the effects of that specific liabilities of foreignness. I also discuss multinational management issues at the corporation level that likely affect liabilities of foreignness experienced at the foreign subsidiary level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-282
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of International Management
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Foreign direct investment
  • Foreign subsidiaries
  • Liability of foreignness
  • Multinational management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Finance
  • Strategy and Management

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