Autism is the prototype disorder of social and cognitive development and provides an important opportunity to observe and delineate the regions of the brain that are responsible for the behaviors that define our social relationships. Our present understanding of autism suggests that deficits in social communication can be identified by the assessment of joint-attention, affective reciprocity, and theory of mind. Present evidence suggests that deficits in social communication in children with autism may be related to dysfunction in the amygadala, hippocampus and related limbic and cortical structures. Other neuroanatomic structures such as the cerebellum may also form part of this distributed neuronal social network. At a neurochemical level the principal neurotransmitter implicated in autism is serotonin suggesting that this neurotransmitter may play a crucial role in the social brain network. An understanding of the neuronal networks responsible for social behavior will allow for rational implementation of social communication interventions which will have benefits not only for children with autism and related disorders but to our whole society.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Revista de Neurologia|
|State||Published - Aug 1 2001|
- Social communication
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology