How neuroplasticity and cognitive reserve protect cognitive functioning

David E. Vance, Anthony Roberson, Teena M. Mcguinness, Pariya L. Fazeli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Overall cognitive status can vary across an individual's life span in response to factors that promote either positive or negative neuroplasticity. Positive neuroplasticity refers to the physiological ability of the brain to form and strengthen dendritic connections, produce beneficial morphological changes, and increase cognitive reserve. Negative neuroplasticity refers to the same physiological ability of the brain to atrophy and weaken dendritic connections, produce detrimental morphological changes, and decrease cognitive reserve. Factors that promote positive neuroplasticity include physical activity, education, social interaction, intellectual pursuits, and cognitive remediation. Factors that promote negative neuroplasticity include poor health, poor sleep hygiene, poor nutrition, substance abuse, and depression and anxiety. Implications for promoting positive neuroplasticity and avoiding negative neuroplasticity across the life span are emphasized to facilitate optimal cognitive health and ensure successful cognitive aging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-30
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cognitive Reserve
Neuronal Plasticity
Aptitude
Physical Education and Training
Health
Brain
Interpersonal Relations
Substance-Related Disorders
Atrophy
Anxiety
Depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health

Cite this

How neuroplasticity and cognitive reserve protect cognitive functioning. / Vance, David E.; Roberson, Anthony; Mcguinness, Teena M.; Fazeli, Pariya L.

In: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, Vol. 48, No. 4, 01.04.2010, p. 23-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vance, David E. ; Roberson, Anthony ; Mcguinness, Teena M. ; Fazeli, Pariya L. / How neuroplasticity and cognitive reserve protect cognitive functioning. In: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services. 2010 ; Vol. 48, No. 4. pp. 23-30.
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