How do different indices of obesity correlate with cardiometabolic disease risk factors in multiethnic youths?

Sissi Cossio, Sarah Messiah, Nayely Garibay-Nieto, Gabriela Lopez-Mitnik, Patricia Flores, Kristopher Arheart, Adriana Carrillo-Iregui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the relationship between cardiometabolic disease risk factors (CDRFs) among ethnic minorities and anthropometric factors including body mass index z score, waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHTR) in Hispanic and non-Hispanic black youths originating primarily from Central America, South America, and the Caribbean. Methods: Clinical data of 167 young persons 2 to 19 years of age encountered in an outpatient pediatric endocrinology clinic were analyzed. The CDRFs included fasting insulin and glucose, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, cardiac C-reactive protein (CRP), and apolipoproteins. Results: For both the non-Hispanic black and the Hispanic youths, WC was significantly correlated with SBP (r = 0.63; P<.001 and r = 0.50; P<.001, respectively), DBP (r = 0.61; P<.001 and r = 0.47; P<.001, respectively), and cardiac CRP (r = 0.76; P<.001 and r = 0.26; P = .026, respectively). Similarly, WHTR was significantly correlated with SBP, DBP, and cardiac CRP for the non-Hispanic black study subjects, whereas SBP (r = 0.22; P = .01), DBP (r = 0.34; P<.001), fasting insulin (r = 0.43; P<.001), HOMA-IR (r = 0.38; P<.001), apolipoprotein A-I (r = 0.30; P = .01), and CRP (r = 0.44; P<.001) were significantly correlated for the Hispanic group. For both groups, body mass index z score was not consistently correlated with CDRFs, and waist-to-hip ratio was not significantly correlated with any CDRFs, except for apolipoprotein B in non-Hispanic black youths. Conclusion: Our study shows that WC and WHTR may be useful anthropometric factors for better identification of ethnic minority youths at risk for adult-onset cardiometabolic disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-409
Number of pages7
JournalEndocrine Practice
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2009

Fingerprint

Obesity
Blood Pressure
C-Reactive Protein
Waist Circumference
Hispanic Americans
Waist-Hip Ratio
Insulin Resistance
Fasting
Body Mass Index
Homeostasis
Insulin
Central America
South America
Apolipoproteins
Endocrinology
Apolipoprotein A-I
Apolipoproteins B
HDL Cholesterol
Triglycerides
Outpatients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Cossio, S., Messiah, S., Garibay-Nieto, N., Lopez-Mitnik, G., Flores, P., Arheart, K., & Carrillo-Iregui, A. (2009). How do different indices of obesity correlate with cardiometabolic disease risk factors in multiethnic youths? Endocrine Practice, 15(5), 403-409. https://doi.org/10.4158/EP08354.OR

How do different indices of obesity correlate with cardiometabolic disease risk factors in multiethnic youths? / Cossio, Sissi; Messiah, Sarah; Garibay-Nieto, Nayely; Lopez-Mitnik, Gabriela; Flores, Patricia; Arheart, Kristopher; Carrillo-Iregui, Adriana.

In: Endocrine Practice, Vol. 15, No. 5, 01.07.2009, p. 403-409.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cossio, S, Messiah, S, Garibay-Nieto, N, Lopez-Mitnik, G, Flores, P, Arheart, K & Carrillo-Iregui, A 2009, 'How do different indices of obesity correlate with cardiometabolic disease risk factors in multiethnic youths?', Endocrine Practice, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 403-409. https://doi.org/10.4158/EP08354.OR
Cossio, Sissi ; Messiah, Sarah ; Garibay-Nieto, Nayely ; Lopez-Mitnik, Gabriela ; Flores, Patricia ; Arheart, Kristopher ; Carrillo-Iregui, Adriana. / How do different indices of obesity correlate with cardiometabolic disease risk factors in multiethnic youths?. In: Endocrine Practice. 2009 ; Vol. 15, No. 5. pp. 403-409.
@article{f09ba7dc81fe47e58d952969fa2e7021,
title = "How do different indices of obesity correlate with cardiometabolic disease risk factors in multiethnic youths?",
abstract = "Objective: To investigate the relationship between cardiometabolic disease risk factors (CDRFs) among ethnic minorities and anthropometric factors including body mass index z score, waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHTR) in Hispanic and non-Hispanic black youths originating primarily from Central America, South America, and the Caribbean. Methods: Clinical data of 167 young persons 2 to 19 years of age encountered in an outpatient pediatric endocrinology clinic were analyzed. The CDRFs included fasting insulin and glucose, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, cardiac C-reactive protein (CRP), and apolipoproteins. Results: For both the non-Hispanic black and the Hispanic youths, WC was significantly correlated with SBP (r = 0.63; P<.001 and r = 0.50; P<.001, respectively), DBP (r = 0.61; P<.001 and r = 0.47; P<.001, respectively), and cardiac CRP (r = 0.76; P<.001 and r = 0.26; P = .026, respectively). Similarly, WHTR was significantly correlated with SBP, DBP, and cardiac CRP for the non-Hispanic black study subjects, whereas SBP (r = 0.22; P = .01), DBP (r = 0.34; P<.001), fasting insulin (r = 0.43; P<.001), HOMA-IR (r = 0.38; P<.001), apolipoprotein A-I (r = 0.30; P = .01), and CRP (r = 0.44; P<.001) were significantly correlated for the Hispanic group. For both groups, body mass index z score was not consistently correlated with CDRFs, and waist-to-hip ratio was not significantly correlated with any CDRFs, except for apolipoprotein B in non-Hispanic black youths. Conclusion: Our study shows that WC and WHTR may be useful anthropometric factors for better identification of ethnic minority youths at risk for adult-onset cardiometabolic disease.",
author = "Sissi Cossio and Sarah Messiah and Nayely Garibay-Nieto and Gabriela Lopez-Mitnik and Patricia Flores and Kristopher Arheart and Adriana Carrillo-Iregui",
year = "2009",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.4158/EP08354.OR",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "403--409",
journal = "Endocrine Practice",
issn = "1530-891X",
publisher = "American Association of Clinical Endocrinology",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - How do different indices of obesity correlate with cardiometabolic disease risk factors in multiethnic youths?

AU - Cossio, Sissi

AU - Messiah, Sarah

AU - Garibay-Nieto, Nayely

AU - Lopez-Mitnik, Gabriela

AU - Flores, Patricia

AU - Arheart, Kristopher

AU - Carrillo-Iregui, Adriana

PY - 2009/7/1

Y1 - 2009/7/1

N2 - Objective: To investigate the relationship between cardiometabolic disease risk factors (CDRFs) among ethnic minorities and anthropometric factors including body mass index z score, waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHTR) in Hispanic and non-Hispanic black youths originating primarily from Central America, South America, and the Caribbean. Methods: Clinical data of 167 young persons 2 to 19 years of age encountered in an outpatient pediatric endocrinology clinic were analyzed. The CDRFs included fasting insulin and glucose, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, cardiac C-reactive protein (CRP), and apolipoproteins. Results: For both the non-Hispanic black and the Hispanic youths, WC was significantly correlated with SBP (r = 0.63; P<.001 and r = 0.50; P<.001, respectively), DBP (r = 0.61; P<.001 and r = 0.47; P<.001, respectively), and cardiac CRP (r = 0.76; P<.001 and r = 0.26; P = .026, respectively). Similarly, WHTR was significantly correlated with SBP, DBP, and cardiac CRP for the non-Hispanic black study subjects, whereas SBP (r = 0.22; P = .01), DBP (r = 0.34; P<.001), fasting insulin (r = 0.43; P<.001), HOMA-IR (r = 0.38; P<.001), apolipoprotein A-I (r = 0.30; P = .01), and CRP (r = 0.44; P<.001) were significantly correlated for the Hispanic group. For both groups, body mass index z score was not consistently correlated with CDRFs, and waist-to-hip ratio was not significantly correlated with any CDRFs, except for apolipoprotein B in non-Hispanic black youths. Conclusion: Our study shows that WC and WHTR may be useful anthropometric factors for better identification of ethnic minority youths at risk for adult-onset cardiometabolic disease.

AB - Objective: To investigate the relationship between cardiometabolic disease risk factors (CDRFs) among ethnic minorities and anthropometric factors including body mass index z score, waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHTR) in Hispanic and non-Hispanic black youths originating primarily from Central America, South America, and the Caribbean. Methods: Clinical data of 167 young persons 2 to 19 years of age encountered in an outpatient pediatric endocrinology clinic were analyzed. The CDRFs included fasting insulin and glucose, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, cardiac C-reactive protein (CRP), and apolipoproteins. Results: For both the non-Hispanic black and the Hispanic youths, WC was significantly correlated with SBP (r = 0.63; P<.001 and r = 0.50; P<.001, respectively), DBP (r = 0.61; P<.001 and r = 0.47; P<.001, respectively), and cardiac CRP (r = 0.76; P<.001 and r = 0.26; P = .026, respectively). Similarly, WHTR was significantly correlated with SBP, DBP, and cardiac CRP for the non-Hispanic black study subjects, whereas SBP (r = 0.22; P = .01), DBP (r = 0.34; P<.001), fasting insulin (r = 0.43; P<.001), HOMA-IR (r = 0.38; P<.001), apolipoprotein A-I (r = 0.30; P = .01), and CRP (r = 0.44; P<.001) were significantly correlated for the Hispanic group. For both groups, body mass index z score was not consistently correlated with CDRFs, and waist-to-hip ratio was not significantly correlated with any CDRFs, except for apolipoprotein B in non-Hispanic black youths. Conclusion: Our study shows that WC and WHTR may be useful anthropometric factors for better identification of ethnic minority youths at risk for adult-onset cardiometabolic disease.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70449698649&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=70449698649&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4158/EP08354.OR

DO - 10.4158/EP08354.OR

M3 - Article

C2 - 19491078

AN - SCOPUS:70449698649

VL - 15

SP - 403

EP - 409

JO - Endocrine Practice

JF - Endocrine Practice

SN - 1530-891X

IS - 5

ER -