How best to treat urinary tract infections in adults: A rational approach

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Acute and recurrent cystitis in young women, once identified, can be treated empirically without microbiologic confirmation. In these women, a urine dipstick test that is positive for nitrates or leukocyte esterase is considered diagnostic. The usual treatment is a 3-day course of an antibiotic. Prophylaxis is recommended for women who have more than 3 episodes of cystitis per year. Options include postcoital prophylaxis with a single dose of antibiotic or long-term low-dose antimicrobial therapy. In young women with acute pyelonephritis, fluoroquinolones are the treatment of choice. Empiric therapy is initiated as soon as possible in patients at risk for complicated urinary tract infections (UTIs). Alternative techniques, such as intermittent catheterization, may reduce the incidence of UTIs in patients with indwelling catheters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1145-1151
Number of pages7
Issue number8
StatePublished - Jul 1 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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