How antisocial and prosocial coping influence the support process among men and women in the U.S. postal service

Jeannine Monnier, Brenda K. Stone, Stevan E. Hobfoll, Robert J. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The influence of antisocial and prosocial coping on the acquisition of social support and on subsequent psychological distress among 67 male and 47 female postal employees was examined allowing gender differences in coping to be studied in a single work setting. Seventy seven percent of the respondents were European American, 18% were African American, and the remaining 5% were of varying ethnicities including: Asian American and Latin American. Employing structural equation modeling, women were found to use prosocial coping as a coping response significantly more than men, and men were found to use antisocial coping as a coping response significantly more than women. Prosocial strategies were related to increased workplace social support in both the short-term and long-term. Antisocial coping strategies were related to less support from co-workers in the short-term. Contrary to predictions, antisocial coping strategies were not related to decreased support across time. Finally, increased social support was related to less psychological distress within each assessment period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalSex Roles
Volume39
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jul 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this