Hospital preference of laparoscopic versus open appendectomy: Effects on outcomes in simple and complicated appendicitis

Jun Tashiro, Stephanie A. Einstein, Eduardo A. Perez, Steven N. Bronson, David S. Lasko, Juan E. Sola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose We hypothesize that laparoscopic (LA) or open appendectomy (OA) outcomes are associated with hospital procedure preference. Methods We queried Kids' Inpatient Database (1997-2009) for simple (ICD-9-CM 540.9) and complicated (540.0, 540.1) appendicitis. Results On PS-matched analysis of simple appendicitis (91,118 LA vs. 97,496 OA), LA had increased transfusion (1.7) rates, but lower wound infection (0.6) and perforation/laceration (0.3) rates. LA had shorter length of stay (LOS; 1.7 vs. 2.1 days), but higher total charges (TC; 19,501 vs. 13,089 USD) and cost (7121 vs. 5968) vs. OA. For complicated appendicitis (28,793 LA vs. 30,782 OA), LA had increased nausea/vomiting rates (1.9), but lower wound infection (0.5) and transfusion (0.6) rates. LA had shorter LOS (5.1 vs. 5.9), but higher TC (32,251 vs. 28,209). MVA demonstrated shorter LOS (0.9) for LA at laparoscopic-preferring hospitals vs. open-preferring hospitals for simple appendicitis. For complicated appendicitis, higher complication rates (1.1) were associated with OA at laparoscopic-preferring hospitals. Laparoscopic-preferring hospitals had higher TC in all categories. Conclusion Complications and resource utilization for appendicitis are associated with surgical technique and hospital procedure preference. Laparoscopic-preferring hospitals had higher complication rates with OA for complicated appendicitis and higher charges regardless of appendectomy technique or appendicitis type. Level of Evidence: 2c, Outcomes Research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)804-809
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume51
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2016

Keywords

  • Appendectomy
  • Outcomes research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery

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