Hormone Therapy and Discrimination in the Labor Market: Emerging Experimental Evidence on the Economics of Endocrinology

Michael T. French, Andrew R. Timming

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Gender transitioning is increasingly common, but little is known about the extent to which individuals in transition and fully transitioned suffer from wage discrimination. Methods: Managers in the United States (n=204) were shown photos of white and Asian male and female “employees” at different stages of simulated hormone therapy and were asked to estimate their actual hourly wages based on appearance. Results: The results suggest that Asian men and women “in transition” and fully transitioned do not suffer from significant wage discrimination. However, among the white stimuli, gender atypical (“in transition” and fully transitioned) men and women are estimated to earn significantly less than their gender typical (sexually dimorphic) counterparts, with some gender-specific nuances. Conclusions: The effects of hormone therapy may have a deleterious impact on the wages of white transgender individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)254-257
Number of pages4
JournalEndocrine Research
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gender identity
  • simulated hormone therapy
  • social endocrinology
  • transgender

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

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