Hope Springs: Moderating the Link Between Racial Discrimination and Depressive Symptoms for African American Emerging Adults

Amardeep Khahra, Alvin Thomas, Sarah Caffery, Eric Taylor, Matthew Stull, Courtney Beasley, Kira Hudson Banks, Laura Kohn-Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To better understand the moderating effect of coping mechanisms (distraction and rumination) and internal assets (hope) on the relationship between perceived discrimination and depressive symptoms, a sample of 363 African American students (65.3% female; mean age = 20.25 years; SD = 2.39) from two large Midwestern Universities were surveyed using self-report measures. Hierarchical multiple regressions were used to explore the relationships among the variables and depressive symptoms. Results indicated that discrimination (B = 0.10, p <.001) and ruminative coping (B = 1.05, p <.001) were positively related to depressive symptoms, while hope was negatively related to depression (B = −0.33, p <.001). Further, the relationship between discrimination and depressive symptoms was moderated by hope (B = 0.01, p =.02). The interaction between discrimination and depressive symptoms suggested that participants who reported low levels of hope also reported more depressive symptoms regardless of level of discrimination, compared with those who reported high hope. For these African American emerging adults, the results bring to light the potential of an internal asset that aids in reduction of depressive symptoms in response to constant, potential harm such as racial discrimination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Black Psychology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Hope
Racism
African Americans
racism
discrimination
Depression
assets
coping
female student
American
regression
Self Report
interaction
Students

Keywords

  • African American
  • Black
  • depression
  • discrimination
  • hope

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Hope Springs : Moderating the Link Between Racial Discrimination and Depressive Symptoms for African American Emerging Adults. / Khahra, Amardeep; Thomas, Alvin; Caffery, Sarah; Taylor, Eric; Stull, Matthew; Beasley, Courtney; Hudson Banks, Kira; Kohn-Wood, Laura.

In: Journal of Black Psychology, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Khahra, Amardeep ; Thomas, Alvin ; Caffery, Sarah ; Taylor, Eric ; Stull, Matthew ; Beasley, Courtney ; Hudson Banks, Kira ; Kohn-Wood, Laura. / Hope Springs : Moderating the Link Between Racial Discrimination and Depressive Symptoms for African American Emerging Adults. In: Journal of Black Psychology. 2019.
@article{7f0489b4bed74d6e9e62cc7040f80f07,
title = "Hope Springs: Moderating the Link Between Racial Discrimination and Depressive Symptoms for African American Emerging Adults",
abstract = "To better understand the moderating effect of coping mechanisms (distraction and rumination) and internal assets (hope) on the relationship between perceived discrimination and depressive symptoms, a sample of 363 African American students (65.3{\%} female; mean age = 20.25 years; SD = 2.39) from two large Midwestern Universities were surveyed using self-report measures. Hierarchical multiple regressions were used to explore the relationships among the variables and depressive symptoms. Results indicated that discrimination (B = 0.10, p <.001) and ruminative coping (B = 1.05, p <.001) were positively related to depressive symptoms, while hope was negatively related to depression (B = −0.33, p <.001). Further, the relationship between discrimination and depressive symptoms was moderated by hope (B = 0.01, p =.02). The interaction between discrimination and depressive symptoms suggested that participants who reported low levels of hope also reported more depressive symptoms regardless of level of discrimination, compared with those who reported high hope. For these African American emerging adults, the results bring to light the potential of an internal asset that aids in reduction of depressive symptoms in response to constant, potential harm such as racial discrimination.",
keywords = "African American, Black, depression, discrimination, hope",
author = "Amardeep Khahra and Alvin Thomas and Sarah Caffery and Eric Taylor and Matthew Stull and Courtney Beasley and {Hudson Banks}, Kira and Laura Kohn-Wood",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0095798419868874",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "The Journal of Black Psychology",
issn = "0095-7984",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hope Springs

T2 - Moderating the Link Between Racial Discrimination and Depressive Symptoms for African American Emerging Adults

AU - Khahra, Amardeep

AU - Thomas, Alvin

AU - Caffery, Sarah

AU - Taylor, Eric

AU - Stull, Matthew

AU - Beasley, Courtney

AU - Hudson Banks, Kira

AU - Kohn-Wood, Laura

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - To better understand the moderating effect of coping mechanisms (distraction and rumination) and internal assets (hope) on the relationship between perceived discrimination and depressive symptoms, a sample of 363 African American students (65.3% female; mean age = 20.25 years; SD = 2.39) from two large Midwestern Universities were surveyed using self-report measures. Hierarchical multiple regressions were used to explore the relationships among the variables and depressive symptoms. Results indicated that discrimination (B = 0.10, p <.001) and ruminative coping (B = 1.05, p <.001) were positively related to depressive symptoms, while hope was negatively related to depression (B = −0.33, p <.001). Further, the relationship between discrimination and depressive symptoms was moderated by hope (B = 0.01, p =.02). The interaction between discrimination and depressive symptoms suggested that participants who reported low levels of hope also reported more depressive symptoms regardless of level of discrimination, compared with those who reported high hope. For these African American emerging adults, the results bring to light the potential of an internal asset that aids in reduction of depressive symptoms in response to constant, potential harm such as racial discrimination.

AB - To better understand the moderating effect of coping mechanisms (distraction and rumination) and internal assets (hope) on the relationship between perceived discrimination and depressive symptoms, a sample of 363 African American students (65.3% female; mean age = 20.25 years; SD = 2.39) from two large Midwestern Universities were surveyed using self-report measures. Hierarchical multiple regressions were used to explore the relationships among the variables and depressive symptoms. Results indicated that discrimination (B = 0.10, p <.001) and ruminative coping (B = 1.05, p <.001) were positively related to depressive symptoms, while hope was negatively related to depression (B = −0.33, p <.001). Further, the relationship between discrimination and depressive symptoms was moderated by hope (B = 0.01, p =.02). The interaction between discrimination and depressive symptoms suggested that participants who reported low levels of hope also reported more depressive symptoms regardless of level of discrimination, compared with those who reported high hope. For these African American emerging adults, the results bring to light the potential of an internal asset that aids in reduction of depressive symptoms in response to constant, potential harm such as racial discrimination.

KW - African American

KW - Black

KW - depression

KW - discrimination

KW - hope

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85071592899&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85071592899&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0095798419868874

DO - 10.1177/0095798419868874

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85071592899

JO - The Journal of Black Psychology

JF - The Journal of Black Psychology

SN - 0095-7984

ER -