The kinin B1-receptor which is absent or expressed at very low levels under physiological conditions is strongly induced under inflammatory conditions. It has been shown that B1-receptor induction during inflammation involves interleukin-1β (IL-1β) production and activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB). Since bradykinin (BK), the B2-receptor agonist induces IL-1β expression and activates NF-κB, we have analysed the effect of B2-receptor activation in cultured human lung fibroblasts cells on B1-receptor expression by a semiquantitative RT-PCR analysis. Treatment with BK resulted in a significant increase in the expression of B1-receptor mRNA which was abolished by a specific B2-receptor antagonist. This result suggests that B2-receptor activation can prime the expression of B1-receptors. Although the renal localisation of the B2-receptor has been thoroughly studied, nothing is known about the distribution of the B1-receptor in the kidney. Using a combination of microdissection and a semiquantitative RT-PCR/Southern blot analysis we showed the absence of B1-receptors under physiological conditions in 10 microdissected rat nephron segments. However, 18 h LPS-treatment induced significant expression of the B1-receptor in all, but one segment. These studies provide the first molecular basis for the observed changes in renal haemodynamics after B1-agonist infusion in animal kidney models. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.
- Bradykinin B1-receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas