HIV/AIDS

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Individuals infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) endure a chronic disease which requires behaviour changes and psychosocial adaptation (see ‘Coping with chronic illness’). Health psychologists are in a position to make a unique contribution to the care of HIV-infected persons by designing and implementing behavioural interventions capable of facilitating these adjustments. Here we review many of the challenges facing HIV-infected persons as well as highlight potential targets for behavioural interventions. A revolution with HAART Due to the substantial reductions in morbidity and mortality associated with the advent of Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART), HIV infection is now commonly conceptualized as a chronic illness (Bangsberg et al., 2001). By directly suppressing HIV replication, HAART-treated individuals may attenuate T-helper (CD4+) cell decline and delay the onset of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). However, not all HIV-infected patients treated with HAART display adequate viral suppression which may be due in large part to suboptimal adherence as well as the emergence of drug-resistant strains of the virus (Bangsberg et al., 2001; Tamalet et al., 2003). Questions also remain regarding the appropriate time to initiate HAART in HIV-infected patients due to variability in the extent immune reconstitution, increased incidence of opportunistic infections in the months following initiation and reports of profound drug-related toxicities (Yeni et al., 2002). As a result, the current state of medical treatment for HIV infection dictates that healthcare providers take into account the dynamic interplay among contextual, patient-related and treatment-related factors in order to deliver the best possible patient care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCambridge Handbook of Psychology, Health and Medicine, Second Edition
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages729-732
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9780511543579, 9780511543579
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV
Chronic Disease
Virus Diseases
Therapeutics
Social Adjustment
Opportunistic Infections
Virus Replication
Helper-Inducer T-Lymphocytes
Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
Health Personnel
Patient Care
Psychology
Viruses
Morbidity
Mortality
Incidence
Health
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Antoni, M. H., & Carrico, A. (2014). HIV/AIDS. In Cambridge Handbook of Psychology, Health and Medicine, Second Edition (pp. 729-732). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511543579.180

HIV/AIDS. / Antoni, Michael H; Carrico, Adam.

Cambridge Handbook of Psychology, Health and Medicine, Second Edition. Cambridge University Press, 2014. p. 729-732.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Antoni, MH & Carrico, A 2014, HIV/AIDS. in Cambridge Handbook of Psychology, Health and Medicine, Second Edition. Cambridge University Press, pp. 729-732. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511543579.180
Antoni MH, Carrico A. HIV/AIDS. In Cambridge Handbook of Psychology, Health and Medicine, Second Edition. Cambridge University Press. 2014. p. 729-732 https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511543579.180
Antoni, Michael H ; Carrico, Adam. / HIV/AIDS. Cambridge Handbook of Psychology, Health and Medicine, Second Edition. Cambridge University Press, 2014. pp. 729-732
@inbook{d3260b6352ab4e639166a5294fdcbad9,
title = "HIV/AIDS",
abstract = "Individuals infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) endure a chronic disease which requires behaviour changes and psychosocial adaptation (see ‘Coping with chronic illness’). Health psychologists are in a position to make a unique contribution to the care of HIV-infected persons by designing and implementing behavioural interventions capable of facilitating these adjustments. Here we review many of the challenges facing HIV-infected persons as well as highlight potential targets for behavioural interventions. A revolution with HAART Due to the substantial reductions in morbidity and mortality associated with the advent of Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART), HIV infection is now commonly conceptualized as a chronic illness (Bangsberg et al., 2001). By directly suppressing HIV replication, HAART-treated individuals may attenuate T-helper (CD4+) cell decline and delay the onset of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). However, not all HIV-infected patients treated with HAART display adequate viral suppression which may be due in large part to suboptimal adherence as well as the emergence of drug-resistant strains of the virus (Bangsberg et al., 2001; Tamalet et al., 2003). Questions also remain regarding the appropriate time to initiate HAART in HIV-infected patients due to variability in the extent immune reconstitution, increased incidence of opportunistic infections in the months following initiation and reports of profound drug-related toxicities (Yeni et al., 2002). As a result, the current state of medical treatment for HIV infection dictates that healthcare providers take into account the dynamic interplay among contextual, patient-related and treatment-related factors in order to deliver the best possible patient care.",
author = "Antoni, {Michael H} and Adam Carrico",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1017/CBO9780511543579.180",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780511543579",
pages = "729--732",
booktitle = "Cambridge Handbook of Psychology, Health and Medicine, Second Edition",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - HIV/AIDS

AU - Antoni, Michael H

AU - Carrico, Adam

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Individuals infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) endure a chronic disease which requires behaviour changes and psychosocial adaptation (see ‘Coping with chronic illness’). Health psychologists are in a position to make a unique contribution to the care of HIV-infected persons by designing and implementing behavioural interventions capable of facilitating these adjustments. Here we review many of the challenges facing HIV-infected persons as well as highlight potential targets for behavioural interventions. A revolution with HAART Due to the substantial reductions in morbidity and mortality associated with the advent of Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART), HIV infection is now commonly conceptualized as a chronic illness (Bangsberg et al., 2001). By directly suppressing HIV replication, HAART-treated individuals may attenuate T-helper (CD4+) cell decline and delay the onset of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). However, not all HIV-infected patients treated with HAART display adequate viral suppression which may be due in large part to suboptimal adherence as well as the emergence of drug-resistant strains of the virus (Bangsberg et al., 2001; Tamalet et al., 2003). Questions also remain regarding the appropriate time to initiate HAART in HIV-infected patients due to variability in the extent immune reconstitution, increased incidence of opportunistic infections in the months following initiation and reports of profound drug-related toxicities (Yeni et al., 2002). As a result, the current state of medical treatment for HIV infection dictates that healthcare providers take into account the dynamic interplay among contextual, patient-related and treatment-related factors in order to deliver the best possible patient care.

AB - Individuals infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) endure a chronic disease which requires behaviour changes and psychosocial adaptation (see ‘Coping with chronic illness’). Health psychologists are in a position to make a unique contribution to the care of HIV-infected persons by designing and implementing behavioural interventions capable of facilitating these adjustments. Here we review many of the challenges facing HIV-infected persons as well as highlight potential targets for behavioural interventions. A revolution with HAART Due to the substantial reductions in morbidity and mortality associated with the advent of Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART), HIV infection is now commonly conceptualized as a chronic illness (Bangsberg et al., 2001). By directly suppressing HIV replication, HAART-treated individuals may attenuate T-helper (CD4+) cell decline and delay the onset of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). However, not all HIV-infected patients treated with HAART display adequate viral suppression which may be due in large part to suboptimal adherence as well as the emergence of drug-resistant strains of the virus (Bangsberg et al., 2001; Tamalet et al., 2003). Questions also remain regarding the appropriate time to initiate HAART in HIV-infected patients due to variability in the extent immune reconstitution, increased incidence of opportunistic infections in the months following initiation and reports of profound drug-related toxicities (Yeni et al., 2002). As a result, the current state of medical treatment for HIV infection dictates that healthcare providers take into account the dynamic interplay among contextual, patient-related and treatment-related factors in order to deliver the best possible patient care.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84952918325&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84952918325&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/CBO9780511543579.180

DO - 10.1017/CBO9780511543579.180

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9780511543579

SN - 9780511543579

SP - 729

EP - 732

BT - Cambridge Handbook of Psychology, Health and Medicine, Second Edition

PB - Cambridge University Press

ER -