HIV Testing among Haitian Women: Lessons in the Recognition of Risk

Judith L. Wingerd, J. Bryan Page

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Haitian women in Miami, Florida, responded to recruitment for testing of HIV antibody serostatus in ways that demonstrated the value of ethnographic methods for studying reactions to this kind of test, especially preand posttest counseling sessions. A total of 155 women between 14 and 61 years old, recruited in Miami in 1992 and 1993, participated. Response to testing identified three primary obstacles to the women's understanding of content presented in pre- and posttest counseling sessions: (1) their confusion about the meaning of positive versus negative, (2) the investigators' difficulty in communicating the concept of antibody, and (3) vagueness of the concept of window period between exposure and presentation of antibody. Retesting of a subset of Haitian participants helped to define sexual risk among these women in terms of having partners who had other partners and perception of supernatural risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)736-745
Number of pages10
JournalHealth Education and Behavior
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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