HIV-related risk behaviors and seropositivity among homeless drug-abusing women in Miami, Florida

L. R. Metsch, Clyde B McCoy, H. V. McCoy, J. M. Shultz, S. Lai, N. L. Weatherby, H. McAnany, R. Correa, R. S. Anwyl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article examines the multifaceted interactions among homelessness, HIV, substance abuse, and gender. Data were collected on 1,366 chronic drug users using a nationally standardized validated instrument within the Miami CARES project of a multisite federally funded program. HIV testing accompanied by pretest and posttest counseling was conducted on-site by certified phlebotomists and counselors. In addition to descriptive analyses and corresponding tests of significance, logistic regression analyses were used to clarify the complex associations between the outcome variables of homelessness and HIV, recognizing difficulties of determining temporal sequence. HIV infection was found to be 2.35 times more prevalent among homeless women than homeless men and significantly higher for homeless women. The findings indicate that among women, homelessness and HIV have a highly interactive effect increasing the vulnerability of this population and thus tendering them an extremely important priority population on which to focus public health efforts and programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-446
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Psychoactive Drugs
Volume27
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1995

Fingerprint

Risk-Taking
Homeless Persons
HIV
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Drug Users
Population
HIV Infections
Substance-Related Disorders
Counseling
Public Health
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • drug abuse
  • HIV risk behaviors
  • homelessness
  • seropositivity
  • women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Metsch, L. R., McCoy, C. B., McCoy, H. V., Shultz, J. M., Lai, S., Weatherby, N. L., ... Anwyl, R. S. (1995). HIV-related risk behaviors and seropositivity among homeless drug-abusing women in Miami, Florida. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 27(4), 435-446.

HIV-related risk behaviors and seropositivity among homeless drug-abusing women in Miami, Florida. / Metsch, L. R.; McCoy, Clyde B; McCoy, H. V.; Shultz, J. M.; Lai, S.; Weatherby, N. L.; McAnany, H.; Correa, R.; Anwyl, R. S.

In: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, Vol. 27, No. 4, 01.12.1995, p. 435-446.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Metsch, LR, McCoy, CB, McCoy, HV, Shultz, JM, Lai, S, Weatherby, NL, McAnany, H, Correa, R & Anwyl, RS 1995, 'HIV-related risk behaviors and seropositivity among homeless drug-abusing women in Miami, Florida', Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 435-446.
Metsch, L. R. ; McCoy, Clyde B ; McCoy, H. V. ; Shultz, J. M. ; Lai, S. ; Weatherby, N. L. ; McAnany, H. ; Correa, R. ; Anwyl, R. S. / HIV-related risk behaviors and seropositivity among homeless drug-abusing women in Miami, Florida. In: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs. 1995 ; Vol. 27, No. 4. pp. 435-446.
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