HIV-related Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in older patients hospitalized in the early HAART era

B. Kim, T. M. Lyons, J. P. Parada, C. R. Uphold, P. R. Yarnold, J. B. Hounshell, A. M. Sipler, M. B. Goetz, J. A. DeHovitz, R. A. Weinstein, Rafael E Campo, C. L. Bennett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether older age continues to influence patterns of care and in-hospital mortality for hospitalized persons with HIV-related Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia PCP), as determined in our prior study from the 1980s. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. PATIENTS/SETTING: Patients 1,861) with HIV-related PCP at 78 hospitals in 8 cities from 1995 to 1997. MEASUREMENTS: Medical record notation of possible HIV infection; alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient; CD4 lymphocyte count; presence or absence of wasting; timely use of anti-PCP medications; in-hospital mortality. MAIN RESULTS: Compared to younger patients, patients ≥50 years of age were less likely to have HIV mentioned in their progress notes 70% vs 82%, P < .001), have mild or moderately severe PCP cases at admission 89% vs 96%, P < .002), receive anti-PCP medications within the first 2 days of hospitalization 86% vs 93%, P < .002), and survive hospitalization 82% vs 90%, P < .003). However, age was not a significant predictor of mortality after adjustment for severity of PCP and timeliness of therapy. CONCLUSIONS: While inpatient PCP mortality has improved by 50% in the past decade, 2-fold age-related mortality differences persist. As in the 1980s, these differences are associated with lower rates of recognition of HIV, increased severity of illness at admission, and delays in initiation of PCP-specific treatments among older individuals - factors suggestive of delayed recognition of HIV infection, pneumonia, and PCP, respectively. Continued vigilance for the possibility of HIV and HIV-related PCP among persons ≥50 years of age who present with new pulmonary symptoms should be encouraged.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)583-589
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of General Internal Medicine
Volume16
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 17 2001

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Pneumocystis Pneumonia
Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
HIV
Hospital Mortality
HIV Infections
Mortality
Hospitalization
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
Medical Records
Inpatients
Pneumonia
Oxygen
Lung
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Age
  • HIV
  • Outcomes
  • Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
  • Quality of care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Kim, B., Lyons, T. M., Parada, J. P., Uphold, C. R., Yarnold, P. R., Hounshell, J. B., ... Bennett, C. L. (2001). HIV-related Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in older patients hospitalized in the early HAART era. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 16(9), 583-589. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1525-1497.2001.016009583.x

HIV-related Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in older patients hospitalized in the early HAART era. / Kim, B.; Lyons, T. M.; Parada, J. P.; Uphold, C. R.; Yarnold, P. R.; Hounshell, J. B.; Sipler, A. M.; Goetz, M. B.; DeHovitz, J. A.; Weinstein, R. A.; Campo, Rafael E; Bennett, C. L.

In: Journal of General Internal Medicine, Vol. 16, No. 9, 17.09.2001, p. 583-589.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, B, Lyons, TM, Parada, JP, Uphold, CR, Yarnold, PR, Hounshell, JB, Sipler, AM, Goetz, MB, DeHovitz, JA, Weinstein, RA, Campo, RE & Bennett, CL 2001, 'HIV-related Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in older patients hospitalized in the early HAART era', Journal of General Internal Medicine, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 583-589. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1525-1497.2001.016009583.x
Kim, B. ; Lyons, T. M. ; Parada, J. P. ; Uphold, C. R. ; Yarnold, P. R. ; Hounshell, J. B. ; Sipler, A. M. ; Goetz, M. B. ; DeHovitz, J. A. ; Weinstein, R. A. ; Campo, Rafael E ; Bennett, C. L. / HIV-related Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in older patients hospitalized in the early HAART era. In: Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2001 ; Vol. 16, No. 9. pp. 583-589.
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abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To determine whether older age continues to influence patterns of care and in-hospital mortality for hospitalized persons with HIV-related Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia PCP), as determined in our prior study from the 1980s. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. PATIENTS/SETTING: Patients 1,861) with HIV-related PCP at 78 hospitals in 8 cities from 1995 to 1997. MEASUREMENTS: Medical record notation of possible HIV infection; alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient; CD4 lymphocyte count; presence or absence of wasting; timely use of anti-PCP medications; in-hospital mortality. MAIN RESULTS: Compared to younger patients, patients ≥50 years of age were less likely to have HIV mentioned in their progress notes 70{\%} vs 82{\%}, P < .001), have mild or moderately severe PCP cases at admission 89{\%} vs 96{\%}, P < .002), receive anti-PCP medications within the first 2 days of hospitalization 86{\%} vs 93{\%}, P < .002), and survive hospitalization 82{\%} vs 90{\%}, P < .003). However, age was not a significant predictor of mortality after adjustment for severity of PCP and timeliness of therapy. CONCLUSIONS: While inpatient PCP mortality has improved by 50{\%} in the past decade, 2-fold age-related mortality differences persist. As in the 1980s, these differences are associated with lower rates of recognition of HIV, increased severity of illness at admission, and delays in initiation of PCP-specific treatments among older individuals - factors suggestive of delayed recognition of HIV infection, pneumonia, and PCP, respectively. Continued vigilance for the possibility of HIV and HIV-related PCP among persons ≥50 years of age who present with new pulmonary symptoms should be encouraged.",
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AU - Yarnold, P. R.

AU - Hounshell, J. B.

AU - Sipler, A. M.

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AU - Weinstein, R. A.

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N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine whether older age continues to influence patterns of care and in-hospital mortality for hospitalized persons with HIV-related Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia PCP), as determined in our prior study from the 1980s. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. PATIENTS/SETTING: Patients 1,861) with HIV-related PCP at 78 hospitals in 8 cities from 1995 to 1997. MEASUREMENTS: Medical record notation of possible HIV infection; alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient; CD4 lymphocyte count; presence or absence of wasting; timely use of anti-PCP medications; in-hospital mortality. MAIN RESULTS: Compared to younger patients, patients ≥50 years of age were less likely to have HIV mentioned in their progress notes 70% vs 82%, P < .001), have mild or moderately severe PCP cases at admission 89% vs 96%, P < .002), receive anti-PCP medications within the first 2 days of hospitalization 86% vs 93%, P < .002), and survive hospitalization 82% vs 90%, P < .003). However, age was not a significant predictor of mortality after adjustment for severity of PCP and timeliness of therapy. CONCLUSIONS: While inpatient PCP mortality has improved by 50% in the past decade, 2-fold age-related mortality differences persist. As in the 1980s, these differences are associated with lower rates of recognition of HIV, increased severity of illness at admission, and delays in initiation of PCP-specific treatments among older individuals - factors suggestive of delayed recognition of HIV infection, pneumonia, and PCP, respectively. Continued vigilance for the possibility of HIV and HIV-related PCP among persons ≥50 years of age who present with new pulmonary symptoms should be encouraged.

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