HIV primary care by the infectious disease physician in the United States - extending the continuum of care

Seetha Lakshmi, Susan E. Beekmann, Philip M. Polgreen, Allan E Rodriguez, Maria L Alcaide

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Models of care for people living with HIV (PLWH) have varied over time due to long term survival, development of HIV-associated non-AIDS conditions, and HIV specific primary care guidelines that differ from those of the general population. The objectives of this study are to assess how often infectious disease (ID) physicians provide primary care for PLWH, assess their practice patterns and barriers in the provision of primary care. We used a 6-item survey electronically distributed to ID physician members of Emerging Infections Network (EIN). Of the 1248 active EIN members, 644 (52%) responded to the survey. Among the 644 respondents, 431 (67%) treated PLWH. Of these 431 responders, 326 (75%) acted as their primary care physicians. Responders who reported always/mostly performing a screening assessment as recommended per guidelines were: (1) Screening specific to HIV (tuberculosis 95%, genital chlamydia/gonorrhoea 77%, hepatitis C 67%, extra genital chlamydia/gonorrhoea 47%, baseline anal PAP smear for women 36% and men 34%); (2) Primary care related screening (fasting lipids 95%, colonoscopy 95%, mammogram 90%, cervical PAP smears 88%, depression 57%, osteoporosis in postmenopausal women 55% and men >50 yrs 33%). Respondents who worked in university hospitals, had <5 years of ID experience, and those who cared for more PLWH were most likely to provide primary care to all or most of their patients. Common barriers reported include: refusal by patient (72%), non-adherence to HIV medications (43%), other health priorities (44%), time constraints during clinic visit (43%) and financial/insurance limitations (40%). Most ID physicians act as primary care providers for their HIV infected patients especially if they are recent ID graduates and work in university hospitals. Current screening rates are suboptimal. Interventions to increase screening practices and to decrease barriers are urgently needed to address the needs of the aging HIV population in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Oct 6 2017

Fingerprint

Continuity of Patient Care
contagious disease
Communicable Diseases
Primary Health Care
physician
HIV
Physicians
Chlamydia
Gonorrhea
Primary Care Physicians
bone disease
university
Guidelines
Health Priorities
Postmenopausal Osteoporosis
Vaginal Smears
insurance
Colonoscopy
Patient Compliance
Hepatitis C

Keywords

  • HIV
  • infectious disease physician
  • Primary care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{62f3753e5ce84dbe94a00465ac5424b7,
title = "HIV primary care by the infectious disease physician in the United States - extending the continuum of care",
abstract = "Models of care for people living with HIV (PLWH) have varied over time due to long term survival, development of HIV-associated non-AIDS conditions, and HIV specific primary care guidelines that differ from those of the general population. The objectives of this study are to assess how often infectious disease (ID) physicians provide primary care for PLWH, assess their practice patterns and barriers in the provision of primary care. We used a 6-item survey electronically distributed to ID physician members of Emerging Infections Network (EIN). Of the 1248 active EIN members, 644 (52{\%}) responded to the survey. Among the 644 respondents, 431 (67{\%}) treated PLWH. Of these 431 responders, 326 (75{\%}) acted as their primary care physicians. Responders who reported always/mostly performing a screening assessment as recommended per guidelines were: (1) Screening specific to HIV (tuberculosis 95{\%}, genital chlamydia/gonorrhoea 77{\%}, hepatitis C 67{\%}, extra genital chlamydia/gonorrhoea 47{\%}, baseline anal PAP smear for women 36{\%} and men 34{\%}); (2) Primary care related screening (fasting lipids 95{\%}, colonoscopy 95{\%}, mammogram 90{\%}, cervical PAP smears 88{\%}, depression 57{\%}, osteoporosis in postmenopausal women 55{\%} and men >50 yrs 33{\%}). Respondents who worked in university hospitals, had <5 years of ID experience, and those who cared for more PLWH were most likely to provide primary care to all or most of their patients. Common barriers reported include: refusal by patient (72{\%}), non-adherence to HIV medications (43{\%}), other health priorities (44{\%}), time constraints during clinic visit (43{\%}) and financial/insurance limitations (40{\%}). Most ID physicians act as primary care providers for their HIV infected patients especially if they are recent ID graduates and work in university hospitals. Current screening rates are suboptimal. Interventions to increase screening practices and to decrease barriers are urgently needed to address the needs of the aging HIV population in the United States.",
keywords = "HIV, infectious disease physician, Primary care",
author = "Seetha Lakshmi and Beekmann, {Susan E.} and Polgreen, {Philip M.} and Rodriguez, {Allan E} and Alcaide, {Maria L}",
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AU - Alcaide, Maria L

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